Site description Karavasta is the largest wetland in Albania, with the Karavasta lagoon forming the largest part of the complex. The lagoon is shielded from the sea by a sandy bar (Divjaka) covered with pine forest dominated by Pinus pinaster and P. pinea. Karavasta comprises a shallow inner lagoon, and a smaller outer lagoon. The inner lagoon has many peninsulas and small, low islands with muddy shores and some areas of bare sand. A sandy bar covered by pines separates the two lagoons. In the inner lagoon only artisanal fishery is practised, but in the outer one there are more intensive fisheries.
Key Biodiversity The site is important for wintering waterbirds (45,000 individuals in 1996; 68,171 individuals in 1997) and for breeding colonial waterbirds, including Pelecanus crispus. The site is also potentially very important for the globally threatened Numenius tenuirostris.
Protection statusNational Partial International High1,250 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Divjaka). 4,200 ha of IBA covered by Game Reserve. 5,450 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Karavasta Lagoon; 20,000 ha).
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BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Karavasta Lagoon. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 10/02/2016
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