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Location Albania, Pogradec
Central coordinates 20o 45.00' East  41o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Area 9,700 ha
Altitude 750 m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Site description A large freshwater lake shared with the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (site 005); its total area is 34,800 ha. The lake has deep waters and stony shores with no reedbeds or other emergent vegetation. On the Albanian side all the surrounding area is cultivated, mainly with corn and wheat. The lake is used for many purposes, of which fisheries are the most important.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for wintering waterfowl, the most numerous species being Fulica atra. Counts were carried out in 1995 and 1996 (numbers given refer to waterfowl numbers for the Albanian part of the lake only); 31,000 individuals (19 species) in 1995, 46,000 individuals (17 species) in January 1996 and 28,018 individuals (17 species) in 1997.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1996  726-1,405 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula winter  1997  235 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis winter  1997  991 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  1996  182-215 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  1996  26,633-40,765 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1996  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
AL002 Landscape Protected Area Landscape Protected Area 0 protected area contains site 9,700  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland Heathland  5%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  85%
Coastline   -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 85%
tourism/recreation 5%
hunting 10%
forestry 5%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National High International None9,700 ha of IBA covered by Protected Landscape Area.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Ohrid. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife