|Central coordinates||19o 20.00' East 42o 10.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i|
|Altitude||0 - 10m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2000|
Site description A large freshwater lake in north-east Albania (also known as Lake Scutari), on the border with Yugoslavia (Montenegro). Oligotrophic and generally shallow except for a few very deep parts. Approximately one third of the lake lies within Albania, the remainder lies in Montenegro (Skadarsko Jezero, site 038). The main human activities are fisheries, extensive agriculture, hunting and tourism. Fisheries are the most important activity and in places are very intensive.
Key Biodiversity This is an important site for wintering waterfowl, especially Phalacrocorax pygmeus and Phalacrocorax carbo. Several wintering waterfowl counts have been carried out; about 13,000 wintering waterfowl were counted in January 1995 and 1996, and 30,682 waterbirds (representing 26 species) were counted during 2-19 January 1997. Wetlands International have carried out earlier counts on the Montenegro side of the lake.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus||winter||1996||596-1,073 individuals||good||A1, A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus||non-breeding||1995||150 individuals||medium||A1||Least Concern|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||winter||1996||97-1,526 individuals||good||B1i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||1995-1996||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Lake Shkodra and River Buna||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||49,562||protected area contains site||14,000|
|Pjesa shqiptare e Liqenit te Shkodres||National Park||26,535||protected area contains site||14,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation||-|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Arable land; Ruderal land||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status National None International None
Contribute Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.
Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lake Shkodra (Lake Scadar). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/08/2016
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife