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Location Italy, Lazio
Central coordinates 12o 12.00' East  41o 51.00' North
IBA criteria B1i, B2, C3, C6
Area 33,867 ha
Altitude 0 - 80m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli

Site description An area on the Tyrrhenian coast, south-west of Rome, including open sea, sand-dunes and beaches, and a mosaic of maquis, woodlands, wetlands, urban and cultivated areas. The main land-uses are agriculture, tourism and nature conservation.

Key Biodiversity An important breeding site for open-country birds such as Milvus migrans and Merops apiaster. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (max. 2, winter).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  1995  10-18 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1995  1,000-1,500 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Black Kite Milvus migrans breeding  1995  25-30 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  1995  5-6 breeding pairs  good  B2  Near Threatened 
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster breeding  1995  200-230 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Castel Porziano (fascia costiera) - IT6030027 Habitats Directive 428 protected area overlaps with site 400  
Castel Porziano (querceti igrofili) - IT6030028 Habitats Directive 328 protected area contained by site 328  
Castel Porziano (Tenuta presidenziale) - IT6030084 Birds Directive 6,039 protected area contained by site 6,039  
Castelporziano e Capracotta Private Reserve 5,989 protected area contained by site 5,989  
Isola Sacra - IT6030024 Habitats Directive 42 protected area contained by site 42  
Lago di Traiano - IT6030026 Birds Directive 63 protected area contained by site 63  
Macchia Grande di Focene e Macchia dello Stagneto - IT6030023 Habitats Directive 317 protected area contained by site 317  
Macchia Grande di Ponte Galeria - IT6030025 Habitats Directive 1,056 protected area contained by site 1,056  
Macchiagrande di Focene Private Reserve 280 protected area contained by site 280  
Riserva naturale Litorale romano State Nature Reserve 16,327 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  50%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  15%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Sea Open Sea  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  25%
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 35%
hunting 5%
nature conservation and research 25%
tourism/recreation 10%
urban/industrial/transport 20%

Protection status National Partial International UnknownIBA contains State Nature Reserve (Litorale Romano, area not known). 5,989 ha of IBA covered by Private Reserve (Castelporziano e Capracotta, 5,989 ha). 280 ha of IBA covered by Private Reserve (Macchiagrande di Focene, 280 ha). Overlaps with SPA.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Litorale Romano. Downloaded from on 29/03/2015

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