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Location Mongolia, Uvs
Central coordinates 91o 55.00' East  49o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 13,601 ha
Altitude 1,574 m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Uvsiin Khar Us Lake is a beautiful freshwater lake with abundant reed and tall grass habitat along its shoreline. The tall grasses provide good shelter for breeding birds. The lake is replenished by water from the Namiraa River, which originates from snow-capped Kharkhiraa Mountain. The lake is located close to main roads between Ugii and Umnogobi soums.

Key Biodiversity Thousands of birds over-summer at the lake or pass through on migration. Globally Threatened and near threatened species occurring include White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala (EN), Falcated Duck Anas falcata (NT), Swan Goose Anser cygnoides (EN), Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus (VU) and Pallas’s Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus (VU). Nationally threatened species include Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus and Mongolian Ground Jay Podoces hendersoni. Congregatory waterbirds that probably occur in numbers exceeding 1% of their flyway populations comprise Northern Pintail Anas acuta, Eurasian Wigeon A. penelope, Gadwall Anas strepera and Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus.

Non-bird biodiversity: The site is not known to have special significance for other fauna and flora.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Northern Pintail Anas acuta 2009  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera 2009  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Falcated Duck Mareca falcata 2009  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope 2009  present  A4i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 2009  present  A4i  Near Threatened 

Protection status Unprotected

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Uvsiin Khar Lake. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife