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Location Mongolia, Zavkhan
Central coordinates 96o 6.00' East  48o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 13,439 ha
Altitude 1,980 - 2,170m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description The site comprises Khar Lake and the smaller, isolated Baga Lake, which lies to the northwest. Khar Lake is a freshwater lake surrounded by sand dunes to the north and by hills to the south. The lake is 24 km long and 6 km wide. A small stream enters the lake from the east. Baga Lake is a freshwater lake with no outflow surrounded by sand dunes and hill slopes. There is a small island in the lake. The movement and build-up of sand near the shorelines of the two lakes has increased in recent years.

Key Biodiversity The following Globally Threatened species occur at the site: White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala (EN), Great Bustard Otis tarda (VU) and White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis (VU). The nationally threatened Whitetailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla also occurs.

Non-bird biodiversity: No information on other fauna and flora is available.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Great Bustard Otis tarda 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protection status Unprotected

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ulaagchinii Khar Lake. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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