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Location Mongolia, Dornod
Central coordinates 113o 44.00' East  49o 17.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 46,162 ha
Altitude 700 - 1,200m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description The site is composed of small lakes and a section of the Ulz River valley to the north, together with mountain steppe, forest steppe and grassland steppe to the south. Willow trees in the river valley provide good habitat for various bird species. Although Ugtam Mountain Nature Reserve is relatively well protected and threats are relatively low, there is very little active management at present. Livestock husbandry and hay making are the main land uses. There is also an active monastery on the mountain. Local residents use wood from forest for firewood and building livestock shelters. Forest fires occur frequently, and disturb the forest heavily.

Key Biodiversity Over 250 bird species have been recorded at the site. Globally Threatened species include Swan Goose Anser cygnoides (EN), Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN), Lesser Kestrel F. naumanni (VU), White-naped Crane Grus vipio (VU), Hooded Crane G. monacha (VU) and Great Bustard Otis tarda (VU). The site also supports breeding Black Storks Ciconia nigra, Steppe Eagles Aquila nipalensis and White-tailed Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla. In addition, the site meets the 1% threshold for Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo, thousands of which occur here before migration. Furthermore, the site also meets the 1% threshold for White-naped Crane.

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally threatened species that can be found at the site include Red Deer Cervus elaphus, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Mongolian Gazelle Procapra gutturosa, Eurasian Lynx Lynx lynx, Pallas’s Cat Felis manul, Raccoon Dog Nyctereutes procyonoides and Daurian Hedgehog Mesechinus dauuricus. Large herds of Mongolian Gazelle migrate through the site in autumn and spring.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 2009  present  A1  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Great Bustard Otis tarda 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-naped Crane Antigone vipio 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo 2009  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Hooded Crane Grus monacha 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ugtam Mountain Nature Reserve 46,160 protected area contained by site 46,160  

Protection status Fully protected by Ugtam Mountain Nature Reserve

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ugtam Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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