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Location Mongolia
Central coordinates 97o 22.00' East  46o 22.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 4,170 ha
Altitude 1,780 m
Year of IBA assessment 2009





Site description Taigam Lake (also known as Bayansan Lake) is a saline lake and located very close to Delger soum centre in Gobi-Altai aimag. The northwestern part of the lake is covered with dense tussocks of tall grass, while the rest is covered with short steppe and semi-desert vegetation.

Key Biodiversity Taigam Lake is an important site for Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus (VU) on migration (especially given the critical situation of the east Asian population of the species, which has declined to less than 100 birds). Other Globally Threatened species occurring at the site are Pallas’s Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus (VU), Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN) and Relict Gull Larus relictus (VU). Nationally threatened species occurring there are Mute Swan Cygnus olor and Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus. Large numbers of waterfowl use the site during migration, including Greylag Goose Anser anser and Bar-headed Goose A. indicus. Taigam Lake supports more than 1% of the flyway populations of Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna, Ruddy Shelduck T. ferruginea and Common Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus.

Non-bird biodiversity: The site is not known to have special significance for species other than birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea 2009  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna 2009  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus 2009  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Relict Gull Larus relictus 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protection status Unprotected

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Taigam Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife