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Location Mongolia, Bulgan
Central coordinates 101o 57.00' East  48o 55.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 2,118 ha
Altitude 1,334 m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description The site is composed of a lake located in a beautiful valley. There is also a small shallow lake, rich in aquatic vegetation, separated by a narrow spit from the main lake. Many small pools are found along the western side of the lake. There is a high cliff along the southern shore of the lake. The north and northwestern shores of the lake have many peninsulas and inlets with good aquatic vegetation. The southern shore is sandy with fine gravel. The surrounding area is grassy steppe, where the main land use is livestock husbandry. There are no obvious potential threats to the site.

Key Biodiversity Globally Threatened species occurring at Sharga Lake include Swan Goose Anser cygnoides (EN), Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN), Lesser Kestrel F. naumanni (VU) and Pallas’s Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus (VU). Thousands of ducks and grebes use the site during migration, including Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis. A recent count of 432 Black-necked Grebes exceeds 1% of the flyway population. The most common ducks at the site comprise Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula, Common Pochard Aythya ferina and Greenwinged Teal Anas crecca.

Non-bird biodiversity: No information on other fauna and fl ora is available.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis 2009  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 2009  present  A1  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protection status Unprotected

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sharga Lake. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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