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Location Mongolia, Tov
Central coordinates 105o 52.00' East  47o 42.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 49,932 ha
Altitude 1,100 - 1,842m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description The site comprises an area of mountain forest steppe, grassland steppe and river valley, located in a southwestern extension of the Khentii Mountains. The central part of the site is mountainous with steep south-facing slopes and shallow north-facing slopes. The Tuul River runs to the south of the mountains, separated from them by areas of steppe and mountain steppe. There are also isolated forests of birch and aspen, mainly in the centre of the site. In 1993, the site was designated as a national park for the reintroduction of Przewalski's Wild Horse Equus przewalskii, which was once extinct in the wild. The site is a popular destination for domestic and foreign tourists due to the successful reintroduction project. The site was also designated as a biosphere reserve core area in 2003. Poaching for Siberian Marmot Marmota sibirica and Red Deer Cervus elaphus is the main threat to wildlife populations. Otherwise, the site is one of the best protected national parks in Mongolia.

Key Biodiversity The area is important for a variety of bird species during the breeding season and on migration, due to the diversity of habitats in a relatively small area. To date, a total of 169 bird species have been recorded. Globally Threatened species occurring at the site include Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN), Lesser Kestrel F. naumanni (VU) and Great Bustard Otis tarda (VU). Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus (NT) also occurs. The site also supports an assemblage of species restricted to the Eurasian steppe and desert biome.

Non-bird biodiversity: To date, two amphibian, three reptile, 44 mammal and 16 fish species have been recorded at the site. Globally Threatened mammal species found at the site include Przewalski’s Wild Horse (CR) and Siberian Marmot (EN). Other species listed in the Red Data Book of Mongolia include Red Deer, Eurasian Lynx Lynx lynx and Wild Boar Sus scrofa.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 2009  present  A1  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda 2009  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hustai Nuruu UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 778,000 protected area contains site 49,932  
Hustain Nuruu National Conservation Park 50,620 protected area contains site 49,932  

Protection status Fully protected by Khustain Nuruu National Park

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Khustain Nuruu National Park. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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