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Location Mongolia
Central coordinates 95o 48.00' East  46o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 28,309 ha
Altitude 1,270 - 3,578m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description The site comprises Khasagt Khairkhan Mountain and its southern foothills. Khasagt Khairkhan is an isolated massif of the Mongol Altai mountain range that extends into the Great Lakes Basin. It is separated from main Altai mountains by Sharga and Khuisiin Gobi, and from Khangai mountains by Guzeen Teel valley and the Zavkhan River. Mountainous areas are barren, with rocky outcrops and cliffs. In general, there is a strong altitudinal habitat change. Forests are distributed on high upland areas, up to 2,800 m, mostly on north-facing slopes. There are also alpine meadows and alpine steppe in upland areas. Lower elevations are characterised by steppe and semidesert vegetation, with sparse or dense bushes. Poaching for rare animals is a major threat. There is competition for grazing areas between livestock and wildlife at low and mid-elevations.

Key Biodiversity Globally Threatened species occurring at the site are Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN), Lesser Kestrel F. naumanni (VU), Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata (VU) and White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis (VU). Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus (NT), Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis and Altai Snowcock Tetraogallus altaicus also occur. The bird communities of the lower foothills and steppe areas are a good example of the Eurasian steppe and desert biome, with such biomerestricted species as Pallas’s Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus, Mongolian Ground Jay Podoces hendersoni, Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii, Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis, Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo and Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka.

Non-bird biodiversity: There are many rare and threatened wildlife species at the site. In mountainous areas, there are Snow Leopard Uncia uncia (EN), Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica, Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Red Deer Cervus elaphus and Stone Marten Martes foina. In lower-lying steppe and semi-desert habitats, Goitered Gazelle Gazella subgutturosa (VU), Pallas’s Cat Felis manul (NT), Eurasian Lynx Lynx lynx and Siberian Marmot Marmota sibirica (EN) occur.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 2009  present  A1  Least Concern 
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis 2009  present  A3  Endangered 
Chlamydotis undulata 2009  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mongolian Ground-jay Podoces hendersoni 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis 2009  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Khasagt Khairkhan Strict Protected Area 27,448 protected area overlaps with site 0  

Protection status Partially protected by Khasagt Khairkhan Strictly Protected Area

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Khasagt Khairkhan Mountain. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife