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Location Mongolia, Khentii,Sukhbaatar
Central coordinates 112o 7.00' East  47o 38.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 51,404 ha
Altitude 930 - 1,358m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description The site is composed of the Khar Yamaat, Tumentsogt, Turuu Ondor mountains, plus the valley of the Kherlen River. The main habitats present are mountain steppe, rock outcrops and cliffs, with wet meadows and other riparian habitats along the Kherlen River valley. The formation of the site and its range of biological diversity are unique in the eastern Mongolia. The mountains at the site represent the easternmost extent of the Khentii mountain range and are the highest peaks in the area.

Key Biodiversity Globally Threatened and Near Threatened species that have been recorded at the site include Swan Goose Anser cygnoides (EN, breeding), Falcated Duck Anas falcata (NT), Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN, breeding), Lesser Kestrel F. naumanni (VU, breeding), White-naped Crane Grus vipio (VU, breeding), Hooded Crane G. monacha (VU), Great Bustard Otis tarda (VU), Asiatic Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus (NT) and Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa (NT). Black Stork Ciconia nigra and Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus also occur. The riparian habitat is used by thousands of waterbirds during the breeding and migration seasons.

Non-bird biodiversity: The site is a meeting point for wildlife representatives from the Manchurian, Daguur, and Central Mongolian ecoregions. Small herds of Siberian Roe Deer Capreolus pygargus and Red Deer Cervus elaphus are found at the site, and large herds of Mongolian Gazelle Procapra gutturosa frequent the area in winter. The site was once considered to be a suitable site for reintroducing Przewalski's Wild Horse Equus przewalskii. The Mongolian Academy of Sciences has been studying and monitoring the ecology of the area for more than two decades.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 2009  present  A1  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-naped Crane Antigone vipio 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Hooded Crane Grus monacha 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Khar yamaat Nature Reserve 50,594 protected area contained by site 50,594  

Protection status Fully protected by Khar Yamaat Nature Reserve

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Khar Yamaat Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife