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Location Mongolia, Arkhangai,Bayankhongor,Ovorkhangai
Central coordinates 101o 15.00' East  47o 17.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 897,840 ha
Altitude 1,750 - 4,021m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Khangain Nuruu National Park preserves the best representative area of the Khangai mountain range and its biodiversity. The Khangai mountain range supports a variety of habitat types, ranging from steppe through taiga to alpine vegetation. Mountaintops are rounded, with bare or rocky peaks, some with alpine meadows and lakes. The forests are mostly larch and pine but mixed forest is common. Steppe vegetation is found in the foothills. Many large rivers originate from the Khangai mountains and, at lower elevations, these are flanked by dense riparian forests. The main land use is livestock husbandry. There are several settlements in the area. Pollution of water sources from mining and forestry are the main threats. Overgrazing is also becoming an increasing threat, resulting in land degradation in the lower foothills. Poaching for wildlife is widespread.

Key Biodiversity Globally Threatened species occurring at the site include Swan Goose Anser cygnoides (EN), Pallas’s Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus (VU), Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca (VU), Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN) and Lesser Kestrel F. naumanni (VU). Falcated Duck Anas falcata (NT) also occurs. The site also supports an assemblage of species restricted to the boreal forest (taiga) biome, including Ural Owl Strix uralensis, Pallas’s Rosefi nch Carpodacus roseus, Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis, Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus and Black-billed Capercaillie T. parvirostris.

Non-bird biodiversity: Rare and threatened wildlife species occurring include Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica, Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Eurasian Lynx Lynx lynx, Red Deer Cervus elaphus, Snow Leopard Uncia uncia (EN), Wild Boar Sus scrofa and Pallas's Cat Felis manul (NT). Many plants and insects found in the Red Data Book of Mongolia occur at the site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Capercaillie Tetrao urogalloides 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swan Goose Anser cygnoid 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 2009  present  A1  Least Concern 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus 2009  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca 2009  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Ural Owl Strix uralensis 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pallas's Rosefinch Carpodacus roseus 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Khangai nuruu National Conservation Park 888,455 is identical to site 888,455  

Protection status Fully protected by Khangain Nuruu National Park

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Khangain Nuruu National Park. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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