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Location Mongolia, Tov
Central coordinates 107o 25.00' East  47o 57.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 293,937 ha
Altitude 1,300 - 2,664m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description This site is contiguous with Khan-Khentii Strictly Protected Area (MN055), and the two sites are similar. Gorkhi-Terelj National Park supports large areas of forest steppe and mountain steppe, with alpine habitats on higher peaks. The site is located close to Ulaanbaatar, so many tourists visit tour camps, and urbandwellers organise day trips during weekends. Threats to biodiversity include poaching, forest fires, pollution and disturbance to wildlife and its habitats from uncontrolled tourism. Many permanent structures and tour camps have been built within the national park, which are contributing to overgrazing and land degradation at the site.

Key Biodiversity Globally Threatened species found at the site include Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN), Lesser Kestrel F. naumanni (VU) and Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola (VU). Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus (NT) also occurs. The site supports an assemblage of species restricted to the boreal forest (taiga) biome, including Black-billed Capercaillie Tetrao parvirostris, Ural Owl Strix uralensis, Northern Hawk Owl Surnia ulula, Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum and Rufous-tailed Robin Luscinia sibilans.

Non-bird biodiversity: Over 50 species of mammal, fi ve reptiles, four amphibians and 30 fish have been recorded at the site, as well as more than 200 species of insect. Rare and threatened species found at the site include Siberian Musk Deer Moschus moschiferus (VU), European Elk Alces alces, Red Deer Cervus elaphus, Brown Bear Ursus arctos, Wolverine Gulo gulo (NT), Eurasian Lynx Lynx lynx, Pallas’s Cat Felis manul (NT), Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra (NT) and Taimen Hucho taimen.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-billed Capercaillie Tetrao urogalloides 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 2009  present  A1  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Ural Owl Strix uralensis 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Hawk-owl Surnia ulula 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Robin Luscinia sibilans 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola 2009  present  A1, A3  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gorkhi-Terelj National Conservation Park 293,168 protected area contained by site 293,168  

Protection status Fully protected by Gorkhi-Terelj National Park

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gorkhi-Terelj National Park. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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