|Central coordinates||107o 40.00' East 43o 5.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Altitude||800 - 1,000m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2012|
Ornithological information Globally threatened species found at the site include Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN) and Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata (VU). In addition to these species, Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus (NT), Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus, Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus and Amur Falcon Falco amurensis breed at the site. The site also supports species typical of the Eurasian steppe and desert biome, such as Mongolian Ground Jay Podoces hendersoni, Saxaul Sparrow Passer ammodendri and Pallas’s Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus.
Site description This site is similar to Borzon Gobi (MN047). The site is characterized by a 100 km-long desert valley, with rolling hills, sand dunes and dry river beds with elm and saxaul trees. Some rocky hills and oases are found in the area. Poaching of Asiatic Wild Ass Equus hemionus and other wildlife species is on the increase. The grazing areas of livestock and Asiatic Wild Ass overlap, resulting in competition for food and water. The site is bisected by an existing road linking mines in Omnogobi aimag with the Chinese border. Future development of these mines could lead to the upgrading of this transport corridor, with potentially severe impacts on biodiversity, such as increased hunting and creation of physical barriers to animal movements.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Saker Falcon Falco cherrug||-||2007||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata||-||2007||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus||-||2007||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Mongolian Ground-jay Podoces hendersoni||-||2007||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Saxaul Sparrow Passer ammodendri||-||2007||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Small Gobi||Strict Protected Area||1,839,176||protected area overlaps with site||0|
Other biodiversity Several globally and nationally threatened species occur at the site, including Asiatic Wild Ass (EN), Goitered Gazelle Gazella subgutturosa (VU), Mongolian Gazelle Procapra gutturosa, Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica and Long-eared Jerboa Euchoreutes naso.
Protection status Partially protected by Small Gobi Strictly Protected Area (Parts A and B)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Galba Gobi . Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2013
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