email a friend
printable version
Location Mongolia, Omnogobi
Central coordinates 107o 40.00' East  43o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 828,328 ha
Altitude 800 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

Site description This site is similar to Borzon Gobi (MN047). The site is characterized by a 100 km-long desert valley, with rolling hills, sand dunes and dry river beds with elm and saxaul trees. Some rocky hills and oases are found in the area. Poaching of Asiatic Wild Ass Equus hemionus and other wildlife species is on the increase. The grazing areas of livestock and Asiatic Wild Ass overlap, resulting in competition for food and water. The site is bisected by an existing road linking mines in Omnogobi aimag with the Chinese border. Future development of these mines could lead to the upgrading of this transport corridor, with potentially severe impacts on biodiversity, such as increased hunting and creation of physical barriers to animal movements.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Chlamydotis undulata 2009  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mongolian Ground-jay Podoces hendersoni 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Saxaul Sparrow Passer ammodendri 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Small Gobi Strict Protected Area 1,839,176 protected area overlaps with site 83,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   major

Other biodiversity Several globally and nationally threatened species occur at the site, including Asiatic Wild Ass (EN), Goitered Gazelle Gazella subgutturosa (VU), Mongolian Gazelle Procapra gutturosa, Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica and Long-eared Jerboa Euchoreutes naso.

Protection status Partially protected by Small Gobi Strictly Protected Area (Parts A and B)

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Galba Gobi. Downloaded from on 20/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife