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Location Mongolia, Omnogobi
Central coordinates 107o 40.00' East  43o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 828,328 ha
Altitude 800 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

Site description This site is similar to Borzon Gobi (MN047). The site is characterized by a 100 km-long desert valley, with rolling hills, sand dunes and dry river beds with elm and saxaul trees. Some rocky hills and oases are found in the area. Poaching of Asiatic Wild Ass Equus hemionus and other wildlife species is on the increase. The grazing areas of livestock and Asiatic Wild Ass overlap, resulting in competition for food and water. The site is bisected by an existing road linking mines in Omnogobi aimag with the Chinese border. Future development of these mines could lead to the upgrading of this transport corridor, with potentially severe impacts on biodiversity, such as increased hunting and creation of physical barriers to animal movements.

Key Biodiversity Globally Threatened species found at the site include Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN) and Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata (VU). In addition to these species, Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus (NT), Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus, Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus and Amur Falcon Falco amurensis breed at the site. The site also supports species typical of the Eurasian steppe and desert biome, such as Mongolian Ground Jay Podoces hendersoni, Saxaul Sparrow Passer ammodendri and Pallas’s Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus.

Non-bird biodiversity: Several globally and nationally threatened species occur at the site, including Asiatic Wild Ass (EN), Goitered Gazelle Gazella subgutturosa (VU), Mongolian Gazelle Procapra gutturosa, Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica and Long-eared Jerboa Euchoreutes naso.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Chlamydotis undulata 2009  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Pallas's Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes paradoxus 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mongolian Ground-jay Podoces hendersoni 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Saxaul Sparrow Passer ammodendri 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high near favourable negligible

Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Desert   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  Unknown  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Small Gobi Strict Protected Area 1,839,176 protected area overlaps with site 83,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   major

Protection status Partially protected by Small Gobi Strictly Protected Area (Parts A and B)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Galba Gobi. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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