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Location Mongolia, Tov
Central coordinates 104o 57.00' East  47o 26.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 34,776 ha
Altitude 1,000 - 1,748m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Erdenesant is an area of mountain steppe, rocky mountain and grassland, characterised by a chain of narrow mountain ranges. Extensive rock formations are found mostly on south-facing slopes; north-facing slopes are less steep. The adjacent areas are dominated by grassy steppe. There is a small lake on the south side of the mountains, which dries out in some years. Livestock husbandry is the main land use. Increasing livestock numbers pose a serious threat to the steppe habitat. In addition, the number of vehicles used by herders has dramatically increased in recent years, causing soil erosion. Erdenesant lies close to Batkhaan Nature Reserve, which is a regional level sacred site. There have been suggestions that Erdenesant should be included within this nature reserve.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 2009  present  A1  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca 2009  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo 2009  present  A3, A4i  Least Concern 

Other biodiversity Small herds of Mongolian Gazelle Procapra gutturosa winter in the area. The site represents the northernmost extent of the range of Stone Marten Martes foina in Mongolia. Red Deer Cervus elaphus, Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica and Argali Ovis ammon (NT) can also be seen as they move among adjacent mountains.

Protection status Unprotected

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Erdenesant Mountains. Downloaded from on 22/09/2014

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