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Location Mongolia, Omnogobi
Central coordinates 105o 30.00' East  42o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 399,467 ha
Altitude 1,000 - 1,200m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description The Borzon Gobi is a fine example of a desert landscape. The site is characterized by semidesert steppe, valleys and plains with rolling hills, sand dunes, and dry river beds with elm and saxaul trees. Some rocky hills and oases are found in the area. Rocky hills and elms along the dry river beds provide good nesting habitats for large raptors and other birds, while the oases are important for thousands of migratory waterbirds, as well as other wildlife. Illegal hunting of ungulates and unsustainable cutting of saxaul trees for firewood are the main threats to biodiversity at the site.

Key Biodiversity Globally Threatened birds found at the site include Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN), Lesser Kestrel F. naumanni (VU) and Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata (VU). The site also supports an assemblage of species restricted to the Eurasian steppe and desert biome, including Mongolian Ground Jay Podoces hendersoni and Saxaul Sparrow Passer ammodendri.

Non-bird biodiversity: There are many rare and threatened wildlife species at the site, such as Asiatic Wild Ass Equus hemionus (EN), Goitered Gazelle Gazella subgutturosa (VU), Mongolian Gazelle Procapra gutturosa, Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Siberian Ibex Capra sibirica, Daurian Hedgehog Mesechinus dauuricus and Long-eared Jerboa Euchoreutes naso.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 2009  present  A1  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug 2009  present  A1  Endangered 
Chlamydotis undulata 2009  present  A1  Not Recognised 
Mongolian Ground-jay Podoces hendersoni 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 
Saxaul Sparrow Passer ammodendri 2009  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Small Gobi Strict Protected Area 1,839,176 protected area overlaps with site 0  

Protection status Partially protected by Small Gobi Strictly Protected Area (Part A)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Borzon Gobi. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife