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Location Italy, Sardegna
Central coordinates 8o 47.00' East  40o 18.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 11,058 ha
Altitude 425 - 845m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli

Site description An area of grassland, with patches of cork oak Quercus suber woodland, located north of the village of Macomer. The area is rich in small, temporary pools, and there are also rocky areas and rivers. The main land-use is agriculture.

Key Biodiversity An important breeding site for Tetrax tetrax and other open-country species. Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Falco naumanni.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara resident  1995  100 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  1996  2-6 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Near Threatened 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1995  80-100 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Burhinus oedicnemus resident  1996  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra resident  1996  100 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high very unfavourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - persecution/control happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Grassland   11058 4668 43 poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Milvus milvus Red Kite 3 1 breeding pairs 34 very unfavourable
Tetrax tetrax Little Bustard 35 2 males only 6 very unfavourable
Burhinus oedicnemus 35 30 males only 86 near favourable
Melanocorypha calandra Calandra Lark 160 80 breeding pairs 50 unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Unknown  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Altopiano di Campeda - ITB021101 Habitats Directive 4,634 protected area overlaps with site 4,243  
Piana di Semestene, Bonorva, Macomer e Bortigali - ITB023050 Birds Directive 19,604 protected area contains site 11,058  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Wooded steppe  10%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  20%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  40%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  30%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 40%
forestry -
hunting 70%
not utilised 20%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Altopiano di Campeda. Downloaded from on 23/11/2014

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