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Location Italy, Puglia
Central coordinates 16o 24.00' East  40o 53.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 144,498 ha
Altitude 340 - 679m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli



Site description A very large area of steppe in southern Italy, including the village of Altamura, with areas of maquis and agricultural land.

Key Biodiversity An important area for breeding raptors (especially Falco naumanni) and for larks and other steppic species, as well as for five of the 21 species of the Mediterranean biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Tetrax tetrax (rare resident).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1997  1,500 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus resident  1994  3 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  1996  2-5 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Least Concern 
Burhinus oedicnemus breeding  1996  40 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor breeding  1996  50 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator breeding  1996  50 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra resident  1996  500 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Least Concern 
Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla breeding  1996  300 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Crested Lark Galerida cristata resident  1996  1,000-3,000 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata breeding  1996  200 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1996  1,500 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  1996  100 breeding pairs  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1996  100 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  1996  50 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bosco di Mesola - IT9120003 Habitats Directive 3,029 protected area overlaps with site 2,563  
Murgia Alta - IT9120007 Birds Directive 125,881 protected area contained by site 125,881  
Murgia di Sud - Est - IT9130005 Habitats Directive 47,601 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Wooded steppe  12%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  5%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  55%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  1%
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  23%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 75%
forestry 5%
hunting 75%
tourism/recreation 5%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National None International UnknownOverlaps with SPA.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Murge. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

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