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Location Italy, Toscana
Central coordinates 10o 20.00' East  42o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 44,636 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli

Site description A complex of seven small islands between Tuscany and Corse (Montecristo, Giannutri, Gorgona, Capraia, Elba, Giglio e Pianosa). They are mainly covered by maquis, garrigue, sclerophyllous scrub, pine woodlands and have many rocky cliffs. Some have evergreen woodlands, grasslands and agricultural land. The main land-uses are tourism, fishing, boating and agriculture.

Key Biodiversity The islands support five of the 21 species of the Mediterranean biome, as well as breeding Calonectris diomedea, Puffinus yelkouan and Larus audouinii, among other seabirds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Calonectris diomedea breeding  1994  100-800 breeding pairs  medium  B1ii, B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan breeding  1994  200-1,000 breeding pairs  medium  A4ii, B1ii, C2  Vulnerable 
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis resident  1994  20-25 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus resident  1994  15-25 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii resident  1994  50-85 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Larus cachinnans resident  1994  10,000 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i, C3  Not Recognised 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata breeding  1994  10-100 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1994  1,000 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  1994  800 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B3  Least Concern 
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata resident  1994  500 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Near Threatened 
Marmora's Warbler Sylvia sarda resident  1994  80-150 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B3, C6  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1994  10-30 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius resident  1994  100-200 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Parco nazionale dell' Arcipelago Toscano National Park 73,622 protected area contains site 28,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  15%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  45%
Grassland   5%
Wetlands (inland)   1%
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  7%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas  27%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 15%
tourism/recreation 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 5%
nature conservation and research 100%

Protection status National High International Low28,000 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Arcipelago Toscano, 67,500 ha). 500 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Isola di Capraia, 500 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tuscan Archipelago. Downloaded from on 28/11/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife