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Location Estonia, Pärnu County
Central coordinates 24o 34.00' East  58o 9.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 12,960 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2003

Eesti Ornitiliigiaühing (EOÜ)



Site description A complex of shallow sea (<2 m) and small islets, with vast reedbeds and coastal meadows on the south-western coast of Estonia. The main economic activities are fishing (intensive), grazing and hunting.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis passage  1995-2000  2,000-10,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus passage  2000  1,500 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus passage  1990-2000  300-5,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata passage  2001-2003  500 individuals  unknown  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Teal Anas crecca passage  1999-2003  4,000-4,240 individuals  medium  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula passage  2001  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Smew Mergellus albellus passage  2001-2003  650 individuals  unknown  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo breeding  2002  1,000 breeding pairs  unknown  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  2001-2002  1,000-4,700 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  2003  3 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  2002  138-140 breeding pairs  unknown  A1, C1  Least Concern 
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum breeding  2003  3-7 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  2002  75-80 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea breeding  2002  30-40 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii, C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Luitemaa Baltic Sea Protected Area (Helcom) 114,735 protected area overlaps with site 4,647  
Luitemaa - EE0040351 Birds Directive 12,921 protected area overlaps with site 12,660  
Luitemaa - EE0040351 Habitats Directive 12,921 protected area overlaps with site 12,660  
Luitemaa hoiuala Limited Management Zone 1,702 protected area contained by site 1,702  
Luitemaa looduskaitseala Nature Reserve 11,220 protected area overlaps with site 2,000  
Pärnu lahe - EE0040346 Birds Directive 109,581 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Rannametsa-Soometsa Landscape Reserve 8,085 protected area overlaps with site 2,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   4%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Water fringe vegetation  19%
Sea   19%
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  31%
Shrubland   10%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  17%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
fisheries/aquaculture 15%
hunting -
nature conservation and research 100%
forestry 10%
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Partial International None2,000 ha of IBA covered by Protected Landscape (Rannametsa-Soometsa, 8,085 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Luitemaa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife