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Location Kyrgyzstan, Chüy
Central coordinates 75o 14.60' East  42o 46.30' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 3,000 ha
Altitude 820 - 840m
Year of IBA assessment 2010

Public Association NABS (Affiliate)

Site description IBA is in administrative Chu region of Chu oblast, 5 km to the west of Chu-Tokmok city. This territory is situated in the middle of Chu valley and is the most preserved wetland areas. It stretches from the Boom gorge in the east and Muyunkum desert in the west about 200 km length. This is relatively flat area with altitudinal differences from 420 to 440 m above sea level. It is confined by the ancient river bed Chu in the south and flood flows of modern River Chu the north. Hydro geography network of IBA is represented by the rivers Red and Black and its multiple nameless natural springs, since IBA is located in the area of groundwater discharge from the rivers Chu and Shamsi. There are 4 artificial ponds in the northern part of IBA totaling 5 ha. Rivers, springs, their numerous outflows and river-formed lakes don't freeze during the winter time. In cold winters ponds cover in ice sheets for several days, but melt once it gets warmer. The main part of the IBA (about 70%) is covered with reed beds, sea buckthorn with patches of willow, poplar and elm-tree. Farmlands used as pastures, are in the eastern part of IBA. In 1960s this territory belonged to the State reserve to conserve and reintroduce Common pheasant and since 1997 has been given to the president’s system as hunting area.

Key Biodiversity Criterion A4i is applied to this site because it is stopover for hundreds of thousands birds during the spring and fall. In terms of urban landscape before (or after) the crossing the mountain range Tian-Shan, this is the only place for dozens of species waterfowl, waterbirds, raptors and passerine birds to have a rest and to feed. This is also wintering place for raptors, waterfowl and local mountain passerine birds. Abundance of reed beds, good food supply(sea buckthorn, oleaster) wetlands and shallows are provide high diversity and congregation of birds during all seasons, especially in spring and fall passage, when reeds host tens of thousands of birds.

Non-bird biodiversity: This is the only place of valley population of roe (about 80 individuals), relatively high number of fox, are seen shrews, common vole, muskrat and in 70s had spread form Kazakhstan and began to inhabit jackal. Central Asiatic frog inhabited here. From the plants occurs the endemic of Orchidaceae.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca passage  1971-2003  100-500 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena breeding  1971-1991  300-500 breeding pairs  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus resident  1971-2003  50-200 breeding pairs  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis passage  1971-1991  150-400 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug passage  1971-1990  5-10 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
Rallus aquaticus resident  1971-1990  50-300 breeding pairs  medium  A4i  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed low

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Some of site covered (10-49%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tokmok Complex National Zakaznik Wildlife Refuge 1,100 protected area contained by site 1,100  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Low bushes; Scrub  9%
Grassland Humid; Mesophile grassland & tall grass steppe  13%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires & springs; Rivers & streams; Standing fresh water; Water-fringe vegetation  73%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Highly improved reseeded grasslands; Perennial crops, orchards & groves  7%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 2%
hunting 100%
forestry 3%

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled on 24-Jan-2006 by V. I. Toropova, received by BirdLife Cambridge May 2008, translated by Tsovinar Hovhannisyan in summer 2010, entered into WBDB by Rory McCann in autumn 2010.

References Migrations of birds in Kyrgyzstan. Group of scientists, Frunze, 1978, 172 p. Torpova V. I., Shukurov E. D. Mass migration of birds in Northern Kyrgyzstan. Frunze, 1991, 199 p. Torpova V. I. Mass congregation of migratory and wintering birds in Northern Kyrgyzstan. Second Pan Soviet Union Countries conference about bird migration, Alma-Ata 1978, P. 167-168 Fedyanina T. F., Torpova V. I., Kumushaliev B., K. Areas of mass congregations of birds during the migration in Chui valley. Birds migrations in Asia, Alma-Ata, 1976, P. 136-139 Ukhmirina G. S. Birds of Chu valley.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tokmak Pheasant Reserve. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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