|Central coordinates||75o 10.40' East 41o 50.20' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2010|
Site description Territory includes high mountainous lake Son-Kul and coastal wetland areas
Key Biodiversity Criterion A1 is applied to the site because of Black stork, Bar-headed goose, Saker falcon, Demoiselle crane, birds of prey: Bearded and Himalayan vultures, Golden eagle, are in Red List of Kyrgyzstan. Criterion A4iii is applied because of waterfowl and waterbirds that use lake during migration and molting. Also here is the breeding colony of Black-headed gull and the highest mountainous breeding population of Demoiselle crane.The lake is one of the breeding sites of Bar-headed goose, Black stork and large raptors. Ruddy shelduck and waders are concentrated here during the passage and molting. Site hosts 190 bird species.
Non-bird biodiversity: Territory hosts more than 30 species of mammals such as Grey marmot, Fox, Wolf, Argali and Siberian Ibex. The Lake is home for 7 species of fish. Plant life presented here is ca. 300 species of plants mainly different species of sedges and fescue, reedmace and others along the shores.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea||breeding||-||300-1,000 breeding pairs||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus||breeding||-||100-1,000 breeding pairs||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|Saker Falcon Falco cherrug||resident||-||2-4 breeding pairs||medium||A1||Endangered|
|Common Coot Fulica atra||breeding||-||500-10,000 breeding pairs||medium||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||breeding||-||1,026-12,930 breeding pairs||medium||A4iii|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)||A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive||Very little or no conservation action taking place||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Karatal-Zhapyrk NR||State Nature Reserve||5,980||unknown||0|
|Sonkul||Wildlife Refuge||30,000||protected area contained by site||30,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Grassland||Alpine, subalpine & boreal||30%|
|Wetlands (inland)||Standing fresh water||40%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||40%|
Protection status Sites of reserve are protected only in summer time
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled 29-09-2006 by S. V. Kulagin (NABU), received by BirdLife Cambridge May 2008, translated by Tsovinar Hovhannisyan in summer 2010, entered into WBDB by Rory McCann in autumn 2010.
References Kidiraliev A. K. Birds of Son-Kul and Chatyr-Kul lakes. Kirgiz SSR, Vol. 4, Edition 1- Frunze, 1962 Kidiraliev A. K. Birds of reservoirs of Central Tian-Shan- Frunze: ilim, 1973 Kidiraliev A. K. Birds of lakes and montane rivers of Kyrgyzstan- Frunze: ilim, 1990
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Son-Kul Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2015
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