|Location||China (mainland), Qinghai|
|Central coordinates||100o 6.00' East 33o 22.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||3,168 - 5,338m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Site description Sanjiangyuan means the origin of three rivers, namely the Yangtze, Yellow and Lancang (Mekong) rivers. It is a very large, high-altitude nature reserve that neighbours Sichuan Province and Tibet Autonomous Region. The natural habitats range from montane forest in the lower eastern part of the reserve to cold alpine grassland and desert in the higher western part of the reserve. Longbaotan National Nature Reserve includes montane wetlands comprising lakes and marshes, and is a breeding area of Grus nigricollis and used by other waterbirds during the migration seasons.
Non-bird biodiversity: A total of 2,238 species of vascular plants have been identified in the area, including many with high herbal medicine values. Protected mammal species including Tibetan Antelope, Wild Yak, Kiang (Tibetan Wild Ass), Snow Leopard, Leopard, Brown Bear, Marco Polo’s Sheep, Musk Deer and Giant Salamander.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Chinese Monal Lophophorus lhuysii||resident||2008||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||unknown||2008||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||unknown||2008||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||unknown||2008||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis||breeding||1997||92 individuals||unknown||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Sichuan Jay Perisoreus internigrans||resident||2008||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2008||present||-||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sanjiangyuan||Nature Reserve||15,230,000||is identical to site||15,230,000|
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2016
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