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Location China (mainland), Tibet
Central coordinates 95o 19.00' East  29o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 961,800 ha
Altitude 641 - 7,764m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located between Nyainqêntanglha Mountain and the eastern Himalayas, adjacent to India. The IBA includes well-developed glaciers and part of the ‘big bend’ area of the Yarlong Zangbo river (known as the Brahmaputra in its lower reaches), which is the deepest and longest canyon in the world. The vegetation shows prominent zonation, with lowland tropical rainforest and semi evergreen rainforest (600-1,100 m), broadleaf evergreen forest (1,100-2,200 m), coniferous forest (2,800-4,000 m), and alpine scrub and grassland (above 4,000 m).

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected animals include Presbytis entellus, Panthera tigris, Selenarctos thibetanus, Ursus arctos, Selenarctos thibetanus, Ailurus fulgens, Capricornis sumatraensis, Moschus chrysogaster and Naemorhedus cranbrooki.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sclater's Monal Lophophorus sclateri resident  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii resident  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis resident  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis unknown  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Yaluzangbudaxiagu Nature Reserve 961,800 is identical to site 961,800  

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Yarlung Zangbo Daxiagu Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife