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Location China (mainland), Henan
Central coordinates 113o 40.00' East  32o 33.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 9,060 ha
Altitude 130 - 813m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

Site description Located in the north-east of Tongbai County, bordering Xinyang City to the east, Queshan County to the north and Miyang County to the west. The IBA is higher in the north and slightly sloping to the south, and mostly comprises high mountains and river valleys. It is the origin of the Wuli He and Maoji He rivers, which flow into the Huai He river.

Key Biodiversity 

Non-bird biodiversity: Many nationally and procvincially protected plants such as Gingko. About 30 species of large mammals recorded including leopard cat, pangolin, goral etc. Giant salamander also found in this site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Reeves's Pheasant Syrmaticus reevesii resident  2008  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gaole Shan Nature Reserve 9,060 is identical to site 9,060  

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gaole Shan Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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