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Location Cyprus, Limassol District,Nicosia District
Central coordinates 33o 3.09' East  34o 56.56' North
IBA criteria A2, A3, B2, B3, C6
Area 17,048 ha
Altitude 480 - 1,613m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus

Summary This is an extensive upland site within the Troodos range, with varied landscapes and elevation ranging from just below 500m to over 1,600m. This key site is important for many breeding species including priority species typical of the Troodos forests, and qualifies as an Endemic Bird Area site with significant populations of the endemic Cyprus Wheatear (Oenanthe cypriaca) and Cyprus Warbler (Sylvia melanothorax). Significant numbers of breeding Masked Shrike (Lanius nubicus), Cretzschmar’s Bunting (Emberiza caesia) and Black-headed Bunting (Emberiza melanocephala), along with the two endemics, are components of the typical Mediterranean scrub biome bird community, allowing the site to qualify as one of only four Mediterranean Biome sites in Cyprus. The site also hosts significant populations of Bonelli’s Eagle (Aquila fasciata) and Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus). In addition, this site has significant breeding numbers of European Nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus) and Woodlark (Lullula arborea) and of the endemic Cyprus sub-species of Short-toed Treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla dorothea) and Cyprus Coal Tit (Parus ater cypriotes), while the two other endemic sub-species, the Cyprus Jay (Garrulus glandarius glaszneri) and Cyprus Scops Owl (Otus scops cyprius) also breed here.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus breeding  2005-2011  3-5 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata breeding  2005-2011  2-4 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  2005-2011  100-250 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  2005-2011  500-1,500 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B2, C6  Least Concern 
Coal Tit Parus ater breeding  2005-2011  1,000-2,000 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea breeding  2005-2011  100-300 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax breeding  2005-2011  2,000-3,000 breeding pairs  medium  A2, A3, B3  Least Concern 
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla breeding  2005-2011  200-500 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca breeding  2005-2011  2,000-3,000 breeding pairs  medium  A2, A3, B3, C6  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  2005-2011  1,500-2,000 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B2  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  2005-2011  400-1,000 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B3, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed not assessed
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  38%
Other   1%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  17%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  44%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 30%
forestry 60%
urban/industrial/transport 10%

References Hellicar, M.A., Anastasi, V., Beton, D. & Snape, R. (2014). Important Bird Areas of Cyprus. BirdLife Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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