Site description Santa Maria is the most easterly island in the Azores and has a 75km long coastline. The proposed IBA is 386 km2 in size and covers the coastal waters surrounding the whole island, to a maximum distance of 10km and including the marine areas adjacent to terrestrial IBAs PT068, PT069 and PT070. Nationally, this is one of the IBAs where breed the largest number of species qualifying for marine IBA classification, which shows how important it is. The Common Tern, with around 620 pairs, breeds and uses the IBA almost exclusively. TheVila islet and Adjacent Coast SPA, which is inside the IBA, has colonies of Roseate Tern, Common Tern, Yellow-legged Gull, Little Shearwater, Bulwer's Petrel, Madeiran Storm-petrel and Cory's Shearwater. In fact, the only breeding colony of Bulwer's Petrel known in the Azores is here, with a population of around 50 pairs.
Populations of IBA trigger species
||Relationship with IBA
||Overlap with IBA (ha)
|Ilha Santa Maria
||protected area contained by site
|Ilhéu da Vila e Costa Adjacente - Ilha de St
||protected area is adjacent to site
|Ponta do Castelo - Ilha de Sta. Maria - PTSMA0022
||protected area overlaps with site
||Extent (% of site)
||Sea inlets and coastal features
||Extent (% of site)
|nature conservation and research
|Notes: Ponta do Csstelo SCI (PTSMA0022);
Santa Maria Natural Park;
Full Reserve Area for Gathering Limpets; |
Protection status Ponta do Csstelo SCI (PTSMA0022) Resolution 30/98 of 5th February ratified by Declaration 12/98 of 7th May - 1% coincides with the IBA.
Santa Maria Natural Park; Decreto Legislativo Regional n.º 47/2008/A 7th of November - 12% coincides with IBA.
Full Reserve Area for Gathering Limpets; Regional Regulation Decree nº 14/93/A of 31st July - 24% coincides with the IBA.
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BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Santa Maria. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 25/07/2014
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife