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Location United Kingdom, Scotland
Central coordinates 4o 23.92' West  55o 6.57' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 58,295 ha
Altitude 13 - 843m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description A very large area of forest, including lochs, rivers and moorland, that stretches from Newton Stewart in Dumfries and Galloway into the Strathclyde region. The IBA supports a range of breeding waders and waterbirds, in addition to species of forest and moorland.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix resident  1995  120 males only  good  B2  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus resident  1995  19 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus resident  1995  10 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 high not assessed medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Some of site covered (10-49%)  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Merrick Kells Site of Special Scientific Interest 8,925 protected area overlaps with site 7,509  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  minor
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  -
Wetlands (inland) Blanket bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
forestry major
water management minor
nature conservation and research major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Galloway Forest Park. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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