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Location Australia, Victoria
Central coordinates 143o 7.90' East  36o 51.51' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 48,067 ha
Altitude 210 - 605m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

BirdLife Australia



Summary The IBA supports significant numbers of non-breeding Swift Parrots (endangered) in suitable flowering conditions. The IBA also supports small numbers of the near threatened Diamond Firetail and non-breeding Flame Robin.

Site description This IBA includes all the box-ironbark woodland remnants that are significant for Swift Parrots in the St Arnaud region of central Victoria (as defined by Kennedy and Tzaros 2005). This is situated between the Maryborough-Dunolly and the Rushworth Box-Ironbark Region IBAs. Where only one area within a forest patch is known to be significant the whole patch is taken, as this is the usual management unit and Swift Parrots are likely to use the remaining woodland in smaller numbers or less regularly. This IBA ranges from Stawell-Ararat in the west to St Arnaud in the east, including the following remnants (with land-ownership status): Jallukar (Nature Conservation Refuge; NCR), Illawarra (NCR and public land), Deep Lead (NCR), Glynwylln (State Forest; SF), Joel Joel (NCR), Moorl Morrl (NCR), Mt Bolangum, Big Tottingham (NCR and private), Little Tottingham (SF), Pyrenees (Landsborough NCR, Landsborough Hill NCR and SF) and St Arnaud Range (NP, Regional Park, Stoney Creek NCR, Stuart Mill NCR, Redbank NCR and SF). Other adjacent areas of woodland are dominated by trees less suitable for these bird species and are excluded from the IBA, although these areas are still important for other woodland birds and support small numbers of the key IBA species. Most of the IBA is within protected areas or state forests, with only small forest blocks on private land.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor non-breeding  1995-2000  75 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
Flame Robin Petroica phoenicea non-breeding  1998-2008  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata resident  1998-2008  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Albion Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 20 protected area contained by site 20  
Big Tottington Nature Conservation Reserve 1,881 protected area contained by site 1,881  
Carapooee H36 Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 8 protected area contained by site 8  
Deep Lead Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 4 protected area contained by site 1,120  
Deep Lead(No. 2) Nature Conservation Reserve 751 protected area contained by site 751  
Illawarra Nature Conservation Reserve 580 protected area contained by site 580  
Illawarra H15 Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 8 protected area contained by site 8  
Jallukar Nature Conservation Reserve 1,208 protected area overlaps with site 1,157  
Jallukar I72 Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 6 protected area contained by site 0  
Joel Joel Nature Conservation Reserve 251 protected area contained by site 247  
Landsborough Nature Conservation Reserve 3,314 protected area contained by site 3,314  
Landsborough Hill Nature Conservation Reserve 1,044 protected area contained by site 1,044  
Morrl Morrl Nature Conservation Reserve 1,991 protected area contained by site 1,991  
Mossman Park Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 9 protected area overlaps with site 4  
Mount Bolangum Nature Conservation Reserve 2,700 protected area contained by site 2,658  
Nuggety Hill Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 25 protected area contained by site 25  
Pipetrack Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 11 protected area contained by site 11  
Redbank Nature Conservation Reserve 1,176 protected area contained by site 1,176  
Reeves Hill Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 9 protected area contained by site 9  
St Arnaud Range National Park 13,900 protected area contained by site 13,900  
Stawell H16 Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 18 protected area contained by site 18  
Stoney Creek Nature Conservation Reserve 605 protected area contained by site 605  
Stuart Mill Nature Conservation Reserve 2,563 protected area contained by site 2,563  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Eucalypt woodlands  major

Land ownership Protected areas and state forests are owned and managed by the Victorian state government; the IBA also contains small areas of private land.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry major
nature conservation and research major

Protection status Numerous - see separate section.

Access/Land-Owner requests Some of the forest remnants are on private land without public access.

Acknowledgements Gary Cheers, Ian Davidson, Simon Kennedy and Chris Tzaros provided data and comments.

References Environment Conservation Council (2001) Box-ironbark forests and woodlands investigation. Final Report. Melbourne: Environment Conservation Council.

Brasher, M. (2005) Painted Honeyeater at Deep Lead Conservation Park, Stawell. Downloaded from http://www. eremaea.com/Birdline Species.aspx? Taxon = 7906 & Birdline = 1 in Feb 2009.

Kennedy, S. (2000) Swift Parrot priority foraging and roost sites in Central Victoria. Bendigo, Victoria: Department of Natural Resources and Environment.

Kennedy, S. (2001) Box-ironbark forests and woodlands investigation. Final report. Melbourne: Environment Conservation Council.

Kennedy, S.J. and Tzaros, C.L. (2005) Foraging ecology of the Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor in the box-ironbark forests and woodlands of Victoria. Pacific Conservation Biology 11: 158-173.

Tzaros, C. (2005) Wildlife of the box-ironbark country. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: St Arnaud Box-Ironbark Region. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife