|Central coordinates||143o 7.90' East 36o 51.51' South|
|Altitude||210 - 605m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary The IBA supports significant numbers of non-breeding Swift Parrots (endangered) in suitable flowering conditions. The IBA also supports small numbers of the near threatened Diamond Firetail and non-breeding Flame Robin.
Site description This IBA includes all the box-ironbark woodland remnants that are significant for Swift Parrots in the St Arnaud region of central Victoria (as defined by Kennedy and Tzaros 2005). This is situated between the Maryborough-Dunolly and the Rushworth Box-Ironbark Region IBAs. Where only one area within a forest patch is known to be significant the whole patch is taken, as this is the usual management unit and Swift Parrots are likely to use the remaining woodland in smaller numbers or less regularly. This IBA ranges from Stawell-Ararat in the west to St Arnaud in the east, including the following remnants (with land-ownership status): Jallukar (Nature Conservation Refuge; NCR), Illawarra (NCR and public land), Deep Lead (NCR), Glynwylln (State Forest; SF), Joel Joel (NCR), Moorl Morrl (NCR), Mt Bolangum, Big Tottingham (NCR and private), Little Tottingham (SF), Pyrenees (Landsborough NCR, Landsborough Hill NCR and SF) and St Arnaud Range (NP, Regional Park, Stoney Creek NCR, Stuart Mill NCR, Redbank NCR and SF). Other adjacent areas of woodland are dominated by trees less suitable for these bird species and are excluded from the IBA, although these areas are still important for other woodland birds and support small numbers of the key IBA species. Most of the IBA is within protected areas or state forests, with only small forest blocks on private land.
Key Biodiversity The vulnerable Painted Honeyeater is uncommon at Deep Lead (where two pairs were recorded in 2005) and at other woodland remnants around the IBA (Tzaros 2005; Atlas of Australian Birds database). Other declining woodland birds in the St Arnaud region include Brown Treecreeper, Speckled Warbler, Hooded Robin and Crested Bellbird, with occasional records of migrant Black Honeyeater and Pink Robin.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor||non-breeding||1995-2000||75 individuals||medium||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Flame Robin Petroica phoenicea||non-breeding||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata||resident||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A1||Least Concern|
|2008||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Climate change and severe weather||drought||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Albion||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||20||protected area contained by site||20|
|Big Tottington||Nature Conservation Reserve||1,881||protected area contained by site||1,881|
|Carapooee H36||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||8||protected area contained by site||8|
|Deep Lead||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||4||protected area contained by site||1,120|
|Deep Lead(No. 2)||Nature Conservation Reserve||751||protected area contained by site||751|
|Illawarra||Nature Conservation Reserve||580||protected area contained by site||580|
|Illawarra H15||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||8||protected area contained by site||8|
|Jallukar||Nature Conservation Reserve||1,208||protected area overlaps with site||1,157|
|Jallukar I72||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||6||protected area contained by site||0|
|Joel Joel||Nature Conservation Reserve||251||protected area contained by site||247|
|Landsborough||Nature Conservation Reserve||3,314||protected area contained by site||3,314|
|Landsborough Hill||Nature Conservation Reserve||1,044||protected area contained by site||1,044|
|Morrl Morrl||Nature Conservation Reserve||1,991||protected area contained by site||1,991|
|Mossman Park||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||9||protected area overlaps with site||4|
|Mount Bolangum||Nature Conservation Reserve||2,700||protected area contained by site||2,658|
|Nuggety Hill||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||25||protected area contained by site||25|
|Pipetrack||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||11||protected area contained by site||11|
|Redbank||Nature Conservation Reserve||1,176||protected area contained by site||1,176|
|Reeves Hill||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||9||protected area contained by site||9|
|St Arnaud Range||National Park||13,900||protected area contained by site||13,900|
|Stawell H16||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||18||protected area contained by site||18|
|Stoney Creek||Nature Conservation Reserve||605||protected area contained by site||605|
|Stuart Mill||Nature Conservation Reserve||2,563||protected area contained by site||2,563|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Land ownership Protected areas and state forests are owned and managed by the Victorian state government; the IBA also contains small areas of private land.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Protection status Numerous - see separate section.
Access/Land-Owner requests Some of the forest remnants are on private land without public access.
Acknowledgements Gary Cheers, Ian Davidson, Simon Kennedy and Chris Tzaros provided data and comments.
References Environment Conservation Council (2001) Box-ironbark forests and woodlands investigation. Final Report. Melbourne: Environment Conservation Council.
Brasher, M. (2005) Painted Honeyeater at Deep Lead Conservation Park, Stawell. Downloaded from http://www. eremaea.com/Birdline Species.aspx? Taxon = 7906 & Birdline = 1 in Feb 2009.
Kennedy, S. (2000) Swift Parrot priority foraging and roost sites in Central Victoria. Bendigo, Victoria: Department of Natural Resources and Environment.
Kennedy, S. (2001) Box-ironbark forests and woodlands investigation. Final report. Melbourne: Environment Conservation Council.
Kennedy, S.J. and Tzaros, C.L. (2005) Foraging ecology of the Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor in the box-ironbark forests and woodlands of Victoria. Pacific Conservation Biology 11: 158-173.
Tzaros, C. (2005) Wildlife of the box-ironbark country. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: St Arnaud Box-Ironbark Region. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/02/2016
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