|Central coordinates||144o 54.37' East 36o 44.95' South|
|Altitude||135 - 300m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary The IBA supports significant numbers of non-breeding Swift Parrots (endangered) in suitable flowering conditions. The IBA also supports small numbers of the near threatened Diamond Firetail and non-breeding Flame Robin.
Site description This IBA includes all the box-ironbark woodland remnants that are significant for Swift Parrots in the Rushworth region of central Victoria (as defined by Kennedy and Tzaros 2005). This is situated between the Bendigo and the Warby-Chiltern Box-Ironbark Region IBAs and north of the Puckapunyal IBA. Where only one area within a forest patch is known to be significant the whole patch is taken, as this is the usual management unit and Swift Parrots are likely to use the remaining woodland in smaller numbers or less regularly. This IBA includes Cornella (SF), Crosbie (NCR), Heathcote (Spring Plains NCR and SF) and Rushworth (Heathcote-Graytown NP, Whroo NCR, Spring Creek NCR and Rushworth SF). Other adjacent areas of woodland are dominated by trees less suitable for these bird species and are excluded from the IBA, although these areas are still important for other woodland birds and support small numbers of the key IBA species. Most of the IBA is within protected areas or state forests, with only small forest blocks on private land.
Key Biodiversity Other declining woodland birds including Brown Treecreeper, Speckled Warbler, Hooded Robin, Grey-crowned Babbler, Crested Bellbird and Gilbert's Whistler; and occasional records of migrant Black Honeyeater and Pink Robin. The near threatened Bush Stone-curlew was recorded three times in 640 Atlas of Australian Birds surveys undertaken from 1998 to 2008 (Atlas of Australian Birds database).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor||non-breeding||1996-2006||70 individuals||medium||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Flame Robin Petroica phoenicea||non-breeding||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata||resident||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A1||Least Concern|
|2008||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Climate change and severe weather||drought||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Baileston||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||35||protected area contained by site||40|
|Crosbie||Nature Conservation Reserve||2,022||protected area contained by site||2,022|
|Gobarup||Nature Conservation Reserve||310||protected area contained by site||324|
|Heathcote||National Park||2,747||protected area contained by site||0|
|Heathcote-Graytown||National Park||12,700||protected area contained by site||12,700|
|Murchison - Rushworth rail line||Nature Conservation Reserve||69||protected area overlaps with site||5|
|Pink Cliffs||Natural Features Reserve - Geological Reserve||38||protected area contained by site||38|
|Rushworth - Colbinabbin rail line||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||55||protected area overlaps with site||12|
|Spring Creek||Nature Conservation Reserve||495||protected area contained by site||495|
|Spring Plains||Nature Conservation Reserve||1,361||protected area contained by site||1,361|
|Waranga H116||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||265||protected area contained by site||265|
|Whroo||Nature Conservation Reserve||2,298||protected area contained by site||2,298|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Land ownership Protected areas and state forests are owned and managed by the Victorian state government; the IBA also contains small areas of private land.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Protection status Numerous - see separate section.
Access/Land-Owner requests Some of the forest remnants are on private land without public access.
Acknowledgements Chris Tzaros, Simon Kennedy and Gary Cheers provided data and comments.
References Environment Conservation Council (2001) Box-ironbark forests and woodlands investigation. Final Report. Melbourne: Environment Conservation Council.
Johnson, G. and Baker-Gabb, D. (1994) The Bush Stone-curlew in Northern Victoria (Part 1): Conservation and Management. Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research Technical Report Series No. 129. Melbourne: Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
Kennedy, S. (2000) Swift Parrot priority foraging and roost sites in Central Victoria. Bendigo, Victoria: Department of Natural Resources and Environment.
Kennedy, S. (2001) Swift Parrots. Results of winter surveys on mainland Australia, 1995-2000. Melbourne: Department of Natural Resources and Environment.
Kennedy, S.J. and Tzaros, C.L. (2005) Foraging ecology of the Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor in the box-ironbark forests and woodlands of Victoria. Pacific Conservation Biology 11: 158-173.
Tzaros, C. (2005) Wildlife of the box-ironbark country. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Rushworth Box-Ironbark Region. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/05/2016
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