|Central coordinates||143o 41.41' East 36o 49.74' South|
|Altitude||160 - 280m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary The IBA supports significant numbers of non-breeding Swift Parrots (endangered) in suitable flowering conditions. The IBA also supports small numbers of the near threatened Diamond Firetail.
Site description This IBA includes all the box-ironbark woodland remnants that are significant for Swift Parrots in the Maryborough-Dunolly region of central Victoria (as defined by Kennedy and Tzaros 2005). This is situated between the St Arnaud and the Bendigo Box-Ironbark Region IBAs. Where only one area within a forest patch is known to be significant the whole patch is taken, as this is the usual management unit and Swift Parrots are likely to use the remaining woodland in smaller numbers or less regularly. This IBA ranges from Dalyenong in the west to Maryborough in the east, including the following remnants (with land-ownership status): Dalyenong (NCR), Tunstalls (NCR), Dunolly (Waanyarra NCR, Dunolly-Tarnagulla SF and Mt Hooghly SF), Kooyoora (SP and Kingower SF) and Maryborough (Paddys Ranges SP, Bung Bong NCR, Talbot NCR, Caralulup NCR, Dunach NCR, Timor NCR, Havelock NCR and SF). Other adjacent areas of woodland are dominated by trees less suitable for these bird species and are excluded from the IBA, although these areas are still important for other woodland birds and support small numbers of the key IBA species. Most of the IBA is within protected areas or state forests, with only small forest blocks on private land.
Key Biodiversity The vulnerable Painted Honeyeater is a rare breeding visitor to the Maryborough-Dunnolly region (Atlas of Australian Birds database); it is uncommon at Kooyora and at other woodlands remnants outside of the IBA (Tzaros 2005; Starr 2006). Other declining woodland birds including Brown Treecreeper, Speckled Warbler, Hooded Robin, Crested Bellbird and Gilbert's Whistler; and occasional records of migrant Black Honeyeaters and Pink Robins. Also 45 records of Flame Robin, 12 records of Bush Stone-curlew and one record of Purple-gaped Honeyeater in 1585 Atlas of Australian Birds surveys undertaken from 1998 to 2008 (Atlas of Australian Birds database).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor||non-breeding||1996-2006||253 individuals||medium||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata||resident||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A1||Least Concern|
|2008||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Climate change and severe weather||drought||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Amherst H60||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||1||protected area contained by site||1|
|Amherst Reef||Natural Features Reserve - Geological Reserve||8||protected area contained by site||8|
|Bealiba||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||48||protected area contained by site||56|
|Brenanah||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||8||protected area contained by site||8|
|Bromley||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||9||protected area contained by site||9|
|Bung Bong||Nature Conservation Reserve||420||protected area contained by site||420|
|Caralulup||Nature Conservation Reserve||1,375||protected area contained by site||1,375|
|Clunes||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||5||protected area contained by site||8|
|Dalyenong||Nature Conservation Reserve||2,660||protected area contained by site||2,660|
|Dalyenong||Nature Conservation Reserve||2,660||protected area contained by site||1,506|
|Dunach||Nature Conservation Reserve||474||protected area contained by site||474|
|Dunolly||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||17||protected area contained by site||17|
|Dunolly Barkley Street||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||1||protected area contained by site||1|
|Havelock||Nature Conservation Reserve||1,779||protected area contained by site||1,779|
|Kingower||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||2||protected area contained by site||2|
|Kooyoora||State Park||11,350||protected area contained by site||11,350|
|McDermid||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||9||protected area overlaps with site||7|
|Moliagul||Nature Conservation Reserve||530||protected area contained by site||530|
|Moliagul H51||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||20||protected area contained by site||20|
|Mullins||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||9||protected area contained by site||8|
|Paddys Ranges||State Park||2,010||protected area contained by site||2,010|
|Sorrensens||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||15||protected area contained by site||13|
|Talbot||Nature Conservation Reserve||174||protected area contained by site||174|
|Tarnagulla I97||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||17||protected area overlaps with site||8|
|Timor||Nature Conservation Reserve||735||protected area contained by site||735|
|Tunstalls||Nature Conservation Reserve||1,556||protected area contained by site||1,556|
|Waanyarra||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||17||protected area contained by site||14|
|Waanyarra||Nature Conservation Reserve||2,927||protected area contained by site||2,927|
|Wehla||Nature Conservation Reserve||402||protected area contained by site||402|
|Wild Duck Dam||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||7||protected area contained by site||7|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Land ownership Protected areas and state forests are owned and managed by state government; the IBA also contains small areas of private land.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Protection status Numerous - see text and separate section.
Access/Land-Owner requests Some of the forest remnants are on private land without public access.
Acknowledgements Gary Cheers, Ian Davidson, Simon Kennedy and Chris Tzaros provided data and comments.
References Environment Conservation Council (2001) Box-ironbark forests and woodlands investigation. Final Report. Melbourne: Environment Conservation Council.
Kennedy, S. (2000) Swift Parrot priority foraging and roost sites in Central Victoria. Bendigo, Victoria: Department of Natural Resources and Environment.
Kennedy, S. (2001) Box-ironbark forests & woodlands investigation. Final report. Melbourne: Environment Conservation Council.
Kennedy, S.J. and Tzaros, C.L. (2005) Foraging ecology of the Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor in the box-ironbark forests and woodlands of Victoria. Pacific Conservation Biology 11: 158-173.
Starr, S. (2006) Swift Parrot, Painted Honeyeater. Wehla forest (Kooyoora State Park). Downloaded from http://www. eremaea.com/BirdlineSpecies.aspx? Taxon = 7906 & Birdline = 1 in Feb 2009.
Tzaros, C. (2005) Wildlife of the box-ironbark country. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Maryborough-Dunolly Box-Ironbark Region. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/05/2016
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