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Location Australia, Victoria
Central coordinates 143o 41.41' East  36o 49.74' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 90,055 ha
Altitude 160 - 280m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

BirdLife Australia



Summary The IBA supports significant numbers of non-breeding Swift Parrots (endangered) in suitable flowering conditions. The IBA also supports small numbers of the near threatened Diamond Firetail.

Site description This IBA includes all the box-ironbark woodland remnants that are significant for Swift Parrots in the Maryborough-Dunolly region of central Victoria (as defined by Kennedy and Tzaros 2005). This is situated between the St Arnaud and the Bendigo Box-Ironbark Region IBAs. Where only one area within a forest patch is known to be significant the whole patch is taken, as this is the usual management unit and Swift Parrots are likely to use the remaining woodland in smaller numbers or less regularly. This IBA ranges from Dalyenong in the west to Maryborough in the east, including the following remnants (with land-ownership status): Dalyenong (NCR), Tunstalls (NCR), Dunolly (Waanyarra NCR, Dunolly-Tarnagulla SF and Mt Hooghly SF), Kooyoora (SP and Kingower SF) and Maryborough (Paddys Ranges SP, Bung Bong NCR, Talbot NCR, Caralulup NCR, Dunach NCR, Timor NCR, Havelock NCR and SF). Other adjacent areas of woodland are dominated by trees less suitable for these bird species and are excluded from the IBA, although these areas are still important for other woodland birds and support small numbers of the key IBA species. Most of the IBA is within protected areas or state forests, with only small forest blocks on private land.

Key Biodiversity The vulnerable Painted Honeyeater is a rare breeding visitor to the Maryborough-Dunnolly region (Atlas of Australian Birds database); it is uncommon at Kooyora and at other woodlands remnants outside of the IBA (Tzaros 2005; Starr 2006). Other declining woodland birds including Brown Treecreeper, Speckled Warbler, Hooded Robin, Crested Bellbird and Gilbert's Whistler; and occasional records of migrant Black Honeyeaters and Pink Robins. Also 45 records of Flame Robin, 12 records of Bush Stone-curlew and one record of Purple-gaped Honeyeater in 1585 Atlas of Australian Birds surveys undertaken from 1998 to 2008 (Atlas of Australian Birds database).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor non-breeding  1996-2006  253 individuals  medium  A1  Endangered 
Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata resident  1998-2008  uncommon  A1  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 high not assessed not assessed
unset
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Climate change and severe weather drought happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Amherst H60 Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Amherst Reef Natural Features Reserve - Geological Reserve 8 protected area contained by site 8  
Bealiba Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 48 protected area contained by site 56  
Brenanah Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 8 protected area contained by site 8  
Bromley Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 9 protected area contained by site 9  
Bung Bong Nature Conservation Reserve 420 protected area contained by site 420  
Caralulup Nature Conservation Reserve 1,375 protected area contained by site 1,375  
Clunes Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 5 protected area contained by site 8  
Dalyenong Nature Conservation Reserve 2,660 protected area contained by site 2,660  
Dalyenong Nature Conservation Reserve 2,660 protected area contained by site 1,506  
Dunach Nature Conservation Reserve 474 protected area contained by site 474  
Dunolly Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 17 protected area contained by site 17  
Dunolly Barkley Street Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Havelock Nature Conservation Reserve 1,779 protected area contained by site 1,779  
Kingower Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Kooyoora State Park 11,350 protected area contained by site 11,350  
McDermid Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 9 protected area overlaps with site 7  
Moliagul Nature Conservation Reserve 530 protected area contained by site 530  
Moliagul H51 Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 20 protected area contained by site 20  
Mullins Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 9 protected area contained by site 8  
Paddys Ranges State Park 2,010 protected area contained by site 2,010  
Sorrensens Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 15 protected area contained by site 13  
Talbot Nature Conservation Reserve 174 protected area contained by site 174  
Tarnagulla I97 Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 17 protected area overlaps with site 8  
Timor Nature Conservation Reserve 735 protected area contained by site 735  
Tunstalls Nature Conservation Reserve 1,556 protected area contained by site 1,556  
Waanyarra Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 17 protected area contained by site 14  
Waanyarra Nature Conservation Reserve 2,927 protected area contained by site 2,927  
Wehla Nature Conservation Reserve 402 protected area contained by site 402  
Wild Duck Dam Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve 7 protected area contained by site 7  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Eucalypt woodlands  major

Land ownership Protected areas and state forests are owned and managed by state government; the IBA also contains small areas of private land.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry major
nature conservation and research major

Protection status Numerous - see text and separate section.

Access/Land-Owner requests Some of the forest remnants are on private land without public access.

Acknowledgements Gary Cheers, Ian Davidson, Simon Kennedy and Chris Tzaros provided data and comments.

References Environment Conservation Council (2001) Box-ironbark forests and woodlands investigation. Final Report. Melbourne: Environment Conservation Council.

Kennedy, S. (2000) Swift Parrot priority foraging and roost sites in Central Victoria. Bendigo, Victoria: Department of Natural Resources and Environment.

Kennedy, S. (2001) Box-ironbark forests & woodlands investigation. Final report. Melbourne: Environment Conservation Council.

Kennedy, S.J. and Tzaros, C.L. (2005) Foraging ecology of the Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor in the box-ironbark forests and woodlands of Victoria. Pacific Conservation Biology 11: 158-173.

Starr, S. (2006) Swift Parrot, Painted Honeyeater. Wehla forest (Kooyoora State Park). Downloaded from http://www. eremaea.com/BirdlineSpecies.aspx? Taxon = 7906 & Birdline = 1 in Feb 2009.

Tzaros, C. (2005) Wildlife of the box-ironbark country. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Maryborough-Dunolly Box-Ironbark Region. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2014

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