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Location United Kingdom, Scotland
Central coordinates 6o 31.58' West  57o 3.58' North
IBA criteria B3
Area 1,334 ha
Altitude 0 - 210m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds



Site description Two islands and associated islets and stacks, to the north-west of the much larger island of Rum. They support a variety of grassland habitats along with species-rich maritime heathland and machair-type calcareous grassland. The IBA holds important seabird colonies.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis breeding  1999  740 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 very high near favourable high
Population
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Phalacrocorax aristotelis European Shag 980 740 breeding pairs 76 near favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Canna and Sanday Birds Directive 1,341 is identical to site 1,334  
Canna and Sanday Site of Special Scientific Interest 1,356 is identical to site 1,334  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland  -
Shrubland Heathland  -
Grassland Machair; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Blanket bogs  -
Coastline Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Canna and Sanday. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife