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Location Australia, New South Wales (and ACT)
Central coordinates 148o 56.28' East  31o 58.49' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 103,449 ha
Altitude 350 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

BirdLife Australia



Summary The Goonoo IBA supports an isolated populations of the vulnerable Malleefowl, significant numbers of the near threatened Diamond Firetail and small numbers of the vulnerable Painted Honeyeater.

Site description This IBA consists of the contiguous forest block around Goonoo National Park, 45 km north of Dubbo. The boundary is taken as the contiguous area of native vegetation as shown on recent satellite images. It excludes the western woodland block of Coolbaggie Nature Reserve and the other isolated blocks of nearby State Forests. The climate is characterised by the temperature and rainfall patterns of Dubbo, with mean maximum temperatures of 15-33 Celsius, mean minimum temperatures of 2-18 Celsius and average rainfall of 585 mm per annum. The eastern block of Coolbaggie Nature Reserve is mallee, whereas Goonoo is predominately box-ironbark-callitris woodland with patches of mallee. Previous forestry management across Goonoo logged many of the larger box trees to promote the growth of ironbark and cypress pine, but the area is now managed primarily for conservation. Much of the area was burned in fires in 2007.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Malleefowl Leipoa ocellata resident  1980-2008  uncommon [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Painted Honeyeater Grantiella picta resident  1998-2008  frequent [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata resident  1998-2008  frequent [units unknown]  A1  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Coolbaggie Nature Reserve 1,782 protected area overlaps with site 712  
Goonoo CCA Zone 1 National Park 9,067 protected area contained by site 9,067  
Goonoo CCA Zone 3 State Conservation Area 53,710 protected area contained by site 53,710  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Callitris forests & woodlands; Eucalypt woodlands  major
Shrubland Mallee shrublands & woodlands  major

Land ownership NSW State government with management by the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service; NSW State Forests and some private land.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry major
Notes: State Forests largely classified as conservation reserves.
nature conservation and research major
rangeland/pastureland minor
Notes: Some grazing on private land.

Other biodiversity Goonoo National Park and Conservation Area supports one of the few populations of Zieria ingramii, a plant only found in central NSW, from Goonoo to Cobbora Forest.

Protection status The IBA overlaps Coolbaggie Nature Reserve and contains Goonoo National Park and State Conservation Area.

Acknowledgements Andrew Deane and David Geering provided data and comments.

References Department of Environment and Conservation (2005) Zieria ingramii Draft Recovery Plan. Hurstville: Department of Environment and Conservation.

Korn, T. (1988) The Malleefowl of the Goonoo Forest, Dubbo. National Parks Journal 32: 22-24.

NSW NPWS (2008) Atlas of NSW Wildlife. http://www.wildlifeatlas.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/wildlifeatlas/watlas.jsp/accessed 11 June 2008.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Goonoo. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife