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Location Australia, New South Wales (and ACT)
Central coordinates 148o 56.28' East  31o 58.49' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 103,449 ha
Altitude 350 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 2009

BirdLife Australia

Summary The Goonoo IBA supports an isolated populations of the vulnerable Malleefowl, significant numbers of the near threatened Diamond Firetail and small numbers of the vulnerable Painted Honeyeater.

Site description This IBA consists of the contiguous forest block around Goonoo National Park, 45 km north of Dubbo. The boundary is taken as the contiguous area of native vegetation as shown on recent satellite images. It excludes the western woodland block of Coolbaggie Nature Reserve and the other isolated blocks of nearby State Forests. The climate is characterised by the temperature and rainfall patterns of Dubbo, with mean maximum temperatures of 15-33 Celsius, mean minimum temperatures of 2-18 Celsius and average rainfall of 585 mm per annum. The eastern block of Coolbaggie Nature Reserve is mallee, whereas Goonoo is predominately box-ironbark-callitris woodland with patches of mallee. Previous forestry management across Goonoo logged many of the larger box trees to promote the growth of ironbark and cypress pine, but the area is now managed primarily for conservation. Much of the area was burned in fires in 2007.

Key Biodiversity The New South Wales Wildlife Atlas contains two records of Regent Honeyeater among 2216 total bird records for Goonoo National Park (NSW NPWS 2008). Significant populations of Glossy Black-Cockatoos, Gilbert's Whistlers, various woodland birds and the easternmost isolated population of Yellow-plumed Honeyeater.

Non-bird biodiversity: Goonoo National Park and Conservation Area supports one of the few populations of Zieria ingramii, a plant only found in central NSW, from Goonoo to Cobbora Forest.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Malleefowl Leipoa ocellata resident  1980-2008  uncommon  A1  Vulnerable 
Painted Honeyeater Grantiella picta resident  1998-2008  frequent  A1  Vulnerable 
Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata resident  1998-2008  frequent  A1  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 low not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Coolbaggie Nature Reserve 1,782 protected area overlaps with site 712  
Goonoo CCA Zone 1 National Park 9,067 protected area contained by site 9,067  
Goonoo CCA Zone 3 State Conservation Area 53,710 protected area contained by site 53,710  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Callitris forests & woodlands; Eucalypt woodlands  major
Shrubland Mallee shrublands & woodlands  major

Land ownership NSW State government with management by the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service; NSW State Forests and some private land.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry major
Notes: State Forests largely classified as conservation reserves.
nature conservation and research major
rangeland/pastureland minor
Notes: Some grazing on private land.

Protection status The IBA overlaps Coolbaggie Nature Reserve and contains Goonoo National Park and State Conservation Area.

Acknowledgements Andrew Deane and David Geering provided data and comments.

References Department of Environment and Conservation (2005) Zieria ingramii Draft Recovery Plan. Hurstville: Department of Environment and Conservation.

Korn, T. (1988) The Malleefowl of the Goonoo Forest, Dubbo. National Parks Journal 32: 22-24.

NSW NPWS (2008) Atlas of NSW Wildlife. 11 June 2008.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Goonoo. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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