|Location||Australia, New South Wales (and ACT)|
|Central coordinates||148o 56.28' East 31o 58.49' South|
|Altitude||350 - 500m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary The Goonoo IBA supports an isolated populations of the vulnerable Malleefowl, significant numbers of the near threatened Diamond Firetail and small numbers of the vulnerable Painted Honeyeater.
Site description This IBA consists of the contiguous forest block around Goonoo National Park, 45 km north of Dubbo. The boundary is taken as the contiguous area of native vegetation as shown on recent satellite images. It excludes the western woodland block of Coolbaggie Nature Reserve and the other isolated blocks of nearby State Forests. The climate is characterised by the temperature and rainfall patterns of Dubbo, with mean maximum temperatures of 15-33 Celsius, mean minimum temperatures of 2-18 Celsius and average rainfall of 585 mm per annum. The eastern block of Coolbaggie Nature Reserve is mallee, whereas Goonoo is predominately box-ironbark-callitris woodland with patches of mallee. Previous forestry management across Goonoo logged many of the larger box trees to promote the growth of ironbark and cypress pine, but the area is now managed primarily for conservation. Much of the area was burned in fires in 2007.
Key Biodiversity The New South Wales Wildlife Atlas contains two records of Regent Honeyeater among 2216 total bird records for Goonoo National Park (NSW NPWS 2008). Significant populations of Glossy Black-Cockatoos, Gilbert's Whistlers, various woodland birds and the easternmost isolated population of Yellow-plumed Honeyeater.
Non-bird biodiversity: Goonoo National Park and Conservation Area supports one of the few populations of Zieria ingramii, a plant only found in central NSW, from Goonoo to Cobbora Forest.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Malleefowl Leipoa ocellata||resident||1980-2008||uncommon||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Painted Honeyeater Grantiella picta||resident||1998-2008||frequent||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata||resident||1998-2008||frequent||-||A1||Least Concern|
|2008||low||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Invasive and other problematic species and genes||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Coolbaggie||Nature Reserve||1,782||protected area overlaps with site||712|
|Goonoo CCA Zone 1||National Park||9,067||protected area contained by site||9,067|
|Goonoo CCA Zone 3 State||Conservation Area||53,710||protected area contained by site||53,710|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Callitris forests & woodlands; Eucalypt woodlands||major|
|Shrubland||Mallee shrublands & woodlands||major|
Land ownership NSW State government with management by the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service; NSW State Forests and some private land.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: State Forests largely classified as conservation reserves.|
|nature conservation and research||major|
|Notes: Some grazing on private land.|
Protection status The IBA overlaps Coolbaggie Nature Reserve and contains Goonoo National Park and State Conservation Area.
Acknowledgements Andrew Deane and David Geering provided data and comments.
References Department of Environment and Conservation (2005) Zieria ingramii Draft Recovery Plan. Hurstville: Department of Environment and Conservation.
Korn, T. (1988) The Malleefowl of the Goonoo Forest, Dubbo. National Parks Journal 32: 22-24.
NSW NPWS (2008) Atlas of NSW Wildlife. http://www.wildlifeatlas.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/wildlifeatlas/watlas.jsp/accessed 11 June 2008.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Goonoo. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/01/2015
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