|Central coordinates||144o 16.89' East 36o 47.22' South|
|Altitude||130 - 380m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary The IBA supports significant numbers of non-breeding Swift Parrots (endangered) in suitable flowering conditions. The IBA also supports small numbers of the near threatened Diamond Firetail and non-breeding Flame Robin.
Site description This IBA includes all the box-ironbark woodland remnants that are significant for Swift Parrots in the Bendigo region of central Victoria (as defined by Kennedy and Tzaros 2005). This is situated between the Maryborough-Dunolly and the Rushworth Box-Ironbark Region IBAs. Where only one area within a forest patch is known to be significant the whole patch is included, as this the usual management unit and Swift Parrots are likely to use the remaining woodland in smaller numbers or less regularly. This IBA ranges from Kamarooka in the north to south of Castlemaine, including the following remnants (with land-ownership status): Sandon (SF), Strangways (private), Lockwood (SF), Muckleford-Maldon (Muckleford NCR and Maldon SF), Shelbourne (NCR), Diamond Hill-Mandurang-Sedgwick (Bendigo NP, Mandurang SF, Diamond Hill HR, Spring Gully Reservoir and Sedgwick SF), Pilchers Bridge-Lyell (Pilchers Bridge NCR and Lyell SF), Whipstick (NP), Wellsford (Regional Park, Mt Sugarloaf NCR and SF) and Kamarooka (NP; the whole of Kamarooka forest is taken in its entirety for its population of Diamond Firetails and Purple-gaped Honeyeaters). Other adjacent areas of woodland are dominated by trees less suitable for these bird species and are excluded from the IBA, although these areas are still important for other woodland birds and support small numbers of the key IBA species. Most of the IBA is within protected areas or state forests, with only small forest blocks on private land.
Key Biodiversity Occasional records of the endangered Regent Honeyeater. Other declining woodland birds including Brown Treecreeper, Speckled Warbler, Hooded Robin, Grey-crowned Babbler, Crested Bellbird and Gilbert's Whistler; and occasional records of migrant Black Honeyeater and Pink Robin. White-gaped Honeyeater is uncommon in Whipstick and Kamarooka NPs (Tzaros 2005). A single sighting of the vulnerable Painted Honeyeater in Atlas surveys from 1998 to 2008.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor||non-breeding||1996-2008||230-1,100 individuals||medium||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Flame Robin Petroica phoenicea||non-breeding||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Diamond Firetail Stagonopleura guttata||resident||1998-2008||frequent||-||A1||Least Concern|
|2008||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Climate change and severe weather||drought||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Ascot||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||1||protected area contained by site||1|
|Greater Bendigo||National Park||17,020||protected area overlaps with site||8,835|
|Mount Sugarloaf||Nature Conservation Reserve||660||protected area contained by site||660|
|Muckleford||Nature Conservation Reserve||543||protected area contained by site||543|
|Muckleford I135||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||20||protected area contained by site||0|
|Muckleford I136||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||82||protected area contained by site||0|
|Nerring I150||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||8||protected area contained by site||8|
|Pilchers Bridge||Nature Conservation Reserve||2,264||protected area contained by site||626|
|Rise and Shine||Natural Features Reserve - Bushland Reserve||118||protected area contained by site||118|
|Shelbourne||Nature Conservation Reserve||840||protected area contained by site||840|
|Whipstick||Nature Conservation Reserve||83||protected area contained by site||83|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Land ownership Protected areas and state forests are owned and managed by state government; the IBA also contains small areas of private land.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Protection status Greater Bendigo National Park and numerous smaller but significant bushland and conservation reserves (see separate section for details).
Access/Land-Owner requests Some of the forest remnants are on private land without public access.
Acknowledgements Gary Cheers, Ian Davidson, Simon Kennedy and Chris Tzaros provided data and comments.
References Environment Conservation Council (2001) Box-ironbark forests and woodlands investigation. Final report. Melbourne: Environment Conservation Council.
Johnson, G. and Baker-Gabb, D. (1994) The Bush Stone-curlew in Northern Victoria (Part 1): Conservation and Management. Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research Technical Report Series No. 129. Melbourne: Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
Kennedy, S. (2001) Swift Parrots. Results of winter surveys on mainland Australia, 1995-2000. Melbourne: Department of Natural Resources and Environment.
Kennedy, S. (2000) Swift Parrot priority foraging and roost sites in Central Victoria. Bendigo, Victoria: Department of Natural Resources and Environment.
Kennedy, S.J. and Tzaros, C.L. (2005) Foraging ecology of the Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor in the box-ironbark forests and woodlands of Victoria. Pacific Conservation Biology 11: 158-173.
Tzaros, C. (2005) Wildlife of the box-ironbark country. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bendigo Box-Ironbark Region. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/05/2016
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