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Location United Kingdom, Northern Ireland
Central coordinates 7o 29.36' West  54o 12.82' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C6
Area 5,747 ha
Altitude 40 - 75m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description Flooded drumlins in the course of the River Erne give rise to a complex of islands, bays and lakes, bordered by damp pasture, fen and reed-swamp (Phragmites).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus winter  2001-2006  840 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium favourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 745 840 individuals 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Upper Lough Erne Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 5,818 protected area contains site 5,747  
Upper Lough Erne - Belleisle Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI) 1,370 protected area contained by site 1,370  
Upper Lough Erne - Crom Area of Special Scientific Interest 1,437 protected area contained by site 1,443  
Upper Lough Erne - Galloon Area of Special Scientific Interest 557 protected area contained by site 570  
Upper Lough Erne - Trannish Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI) 2,064 protected area contained by site 2,064  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Humid grasslands  -
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Upper Lough Erne. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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