email a friend
printable version
Location United Kingdom, Scotland
Central coordinates 2o 13.79' West  57o 40.74' North
IBA criteria A4iii, B1ii, B3, C3, C4
Area 171 ha
Altitude 0 - 111m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description A stretch of low cliffs and small areas of maritime grassland, heathland and herb-rich grasslands and flushes situated along the north Buchan coast. The site holds breeding seabirds and waterbirds. It is one of only two Sula bassana breeding colonies on the UK mainland.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Murre Uria aalge breeding  2001  47,737 individuals  good  B1ii, C3  Least Concern 
Razorbill Alca torda breeding  2001  4,892 individuals  good  B3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1998-2001  39,694 breeding pairs  good  A4iii, C4   
A4iii Species group - waterbirds breeding  1998-2001  20,625 breeding pairs  good  A4iii, C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gamrie and Pennan Coast Site of Special Scientific Interest 322 protected area contains site 171  
Troup Head RSPB Reserve 30 protected area contained by site 30  
Troup,Pennan and Lions Heads Birds Directive 172 is identical to site 171  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  2%
Grassland   6%
Wetlands (inland) Shingle or stony beaches  2%
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  90%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised 100%

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Troup, Pennan and Lion Heads. Downloaded from on 28/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife