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Location United Kingdom, Scotland
Central coordinates 2o 8.72' West  55o 54.91' North
IBA criteria A4iii, B1ii, B3, C3, C4
Area 249 ha
Altitude 0 - 94m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds



Site description Exposed cliffs and cliff-ledges, which extend for over 10 km along the Berwickshire coast. The site holds breeding seabirds and waterbirds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Guillemot Uria aalge breeding  1998-2000  43,744 individuals  good  B1ii, C3  Least Concern 
Razorbill Alca torda breeding  1998-2000  3,157 individuals  good  B3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1998-2000  32,161 breeding pairs  good  A4iii, C4   
A4iii Species group - waterbirds breeding  1998-2000  16,962 breeding pairs  good  A4iii, C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
St Abb's Head to Fast Castle Habitats Directive 127 protected area contained by site 127  
St Abbs Head National Nature Reserve 77 protected area contained by site 77  
St Abbs Head to Fast Castle Birds Directive 251 is identical to site 249  
St Abbs Head-Fast Castle Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) 257 is identical to site 249  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  1%
Shrubland Scrub  5%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  5%
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  89%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
nature conservation and research 20%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: St Abbs Head to Fast Castle. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife