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Location Cyprus, Limassol District,Nicosia District,Paphos District
Central coordinates 32o 40.41' East  35o 1.69' North
IBA criteria A2, B2, B3, C2, C6
Area 64,185 ha
Altitude 70 - 1,352m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus

Summary A relatively remote and un-spoilt mountain site at the western end of the Troodos range and with peaks rising to 1,352m, ‘Pafos Forest’ IBA is the largest and one of the most important IBAs in Cyprus. This site hosts the biggest breeding populations of all nine of the IBA qualifying species that are largely confined to
forest sites, namely Cyprus Wheatear (Oenanthe cypriaca), Cyprus Coal Tit (Parus ater cypriotes), Cyprus Short-toed Treecreeper (Certhia brachydactyla dorothea), Cyprus Scops Owl (Otus scops cyprius), Cretzschmar’s Bunting (Emberiza caesia), Woodlark (Lullula arborea), European Nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus), Masked Shrike (Lanius nubicus) and Bonelli’s Eagle (Aquila fasciata). The site is an Endemic Bird Area, hosting a large population of Cyprus Warbler (Sylvia melanothorax). In addition to this impressive list of qualifying species, the site is among the few sites with breeding Blackbirds (Turdus merula) and Crag Martins (Ptyonoprogne rupestris) in Cyprus. It is also important for other rare breeding species such as Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) and is the only site where Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus) has been recorde breeding in Cyprus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata breeding  2005-2012  10-12 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Scops-owl Otus scops breeding  2005-2011  1,200-3,500 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  2005-2011  500-900 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  2009-2012  500-2,000 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Coal Tit Parus ater breeding  2005-2012  15,000-30,000 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea breeding  2005-2011  250-750 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax breeding  2005-2012  4,000-7,000 breeding pairs  medium  A2, B3, C6  Least Concern 
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla breeding  2005-2012  2,000-4,000 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca breeding  2005-2012  5,000-8,000 breeding pairs  medium  A2, B3, C6  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  2005-2012  500-1,500 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Paphos Permanent Game Reserve 61,050 protected area overlaps with site 50,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland  86%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  12%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  2%
Other   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 15%
forestry 80%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

References Hellicar, M.A., Anastasi, V., Beton, D. & Snape, R. (2014). Important Bird Areas of Cyprus. BirdLife Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pafos Forest. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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