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Location Cyprus, Limassol District,Nicosia District,Paphos District
Central coordinates 32o 40.41' East  35o 1.69' North
IBA criteria A2, B2, B3, C2, C6
Area 64,185 ha
Altitude 70 - 1,352m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus

Summary Pafos Forest is the largest and one of the most important IBAs in Cyprus. It is a relatively remote and un-spoilt mountain site at the western end of the Troodos range, dominated by pine forest and a unique cedar forest on its highest reaches and golden oak shrubland, phrygana and rock screes on its lower slopes. This site hosts the biggest breeding populations of forest birds including the Cyprus Short-toed Treecreeper, the Cretzschmar’s Bunting and the Woodlark. It is an Endemic Bird Area site, with significant populations of the endemic Cyprus Wheatear and Cyprus Warbler.

Site description Stavros tis Psokos is the best-known forest station in Cyprus, and is situated in the middle of Paphos Forest. The site comprises mainly coniferous woodland with rocky outcrops. A large replanting scheme, covering 8,500 ha out of a total of 21,600 ha, was implemented after this area was destroyed by fire in 1974. 400 ha of the IBA are covered with the endemic Cyprus cedar Cedrus brevifolia.

Key Biodiversity The area is very important for breeding raptors and for birds preferring forest habitat.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata breeding  2005-2012  10-12 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Scops-owl Otus scops breeding  2005-2011  1,200-3,500 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  2005-2011  500-900 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  2009-2012  500-2,000 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Coal Tit Parus ater breeding  2005-2012  15,000-30,000 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea breeding  2005-2011  250-750 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax breeding  2005-2012  4,000-7,000 breeding pairs  medium  A2, B3, C6  Least Concern 
Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla breeding  2005-2012  2,000-4,000 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca breeding  2005-2012  5,000-8,000 breeding pairs  medium  A2, B3, C6  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  2005-2012  500-1,500 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
DASOS PAFOU CY2000006 Birds Directive 60,268 protected area contained by site 60,225  
KOILADA DIARIZOU CY4000003 Habitats Directive 1,358 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
KOILADA KEDRON - KAMPOS CY2000008 Habitats Directive 18,258 protected area contained by site 18,234  
Paphos Permanent Game Reserve 61,050 protected area overlaps with site 50,000  
PERIOCHI AGIATIS CY4000011 Habitats Directive 510 protected area contained by site 510  
PERIOCHI PLATY CY2000007 Habitats Directive 623 protected area contained by site 623  
PERIOCHI STAYROS TIS PSOKAS - KARKAVAS CY4000012 Habitats Directive 5,055 protected area contained by site 5,055  
ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS KOILADA DIARIZOU CY4000020 Birds Directive 4,933 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland  86%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  12%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  2%
Other   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 15%
forestry 80%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National Partial International None50,000 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Game Reserve.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pafos Forest. Downloaded from on 28/04/2015

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