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Location United Kingdom, Scotland
Central coordinates 3o 5.78' West  59o 10.84' North
IBA criteria C7
Area 631 ha
Altitude 0 - 250m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description This site comprises moorland and hilltop montane communities, and a number of lochs, including the moderately nutrient-rich Muckle Water. The IBA supports an important assemblage of breeding moorland birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  2007  24 nests  good  C7  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 high very unfavourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern 925 24 breeding pairs 3 very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Rousay Site of Special Scientific Interest 2,310 protected area contains site 631  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Heathland  -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Blanket bogs; Fens, transition mires and springs; Standing freshwater  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 50%
not utilised 50%
nature conservation and research -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Rousay. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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