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Location United Kingdom, North
Central coordinates 1o 34.71' West  55o 25.24' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 1,093 ha
Altitude 0 - 15m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds



Site description The IBA covers much of the coastline between the Scottish border and the Tyne estuary, which consists of sandy bays separated by rocky headlands and backed by sand-dunes and both soft and hard cliffs. It is important for breeding terns, wintering waders and waterfowl, and summer moulting assemblages of Cygnus olor and Somateria mollissima.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Redshank Tringa totanus winter  2001-2006  1,826 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres passage  2001-2006  1,188 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres winter  2001-2006  953 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  2000  1,200 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  2006  1,441 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  2000  43 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  2006  51 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2001-2006  22,827 individuals  good  A4iii, C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Durham Coast Site of Special Scientific Interest 511 protected area overlaps with site 133  
North Northumberland Heritage Coast 13,286 protected area overlaps with site 673  
Northumberland Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty 13,500 protected area overlaps with site 581  
Northumberland Shore Site of Special Scientific Interest 1,888 protected area overlaps with site 790  
Northumbria Coast Birds Directive 1,108 is identical to site 1,093  
Northumbria Coast Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 1,108 protected area overlaps with site 1,032  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland) Mud flats and sand flats; Sand dunes and beaches; Shingle or stony beaches; Standing freshwater; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters  -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Northumbria Coast. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife