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Location United Kingdom, North
Central coordinates 1o 34.71' West  55o 25.24' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 1,093 ha
Altitude 0 - 15m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds



Site description The IBA covers much of the coastline between the Scottish border and the Tyne estuary, which consists of sandy bays separated by rocky headlands and backed by sand-dunes and both soft and hard cliffs. It is important for breeding terns, wintering waders and waterfowl, and summer moulting assemblages of Cygnus olor and Somateria mollissima.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Redshank Tringa totanus winter  2001-2006  1,826 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres passage  2001-2006  1,188 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres winter  2001-2006  953 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  2000  1,200 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  2006  1,441 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  2000  43 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  2006  51 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  2001-2006  22,827 individuals  good  A4iii, C4   

IBA Monitoring

2007 high very unfavourable low
Population
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 68 8 individuals 12 very unfavourable
Tringa totanus Common Redshank 1060 1826 individuals 100 favourable
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone 970 1188 individuals 100 favourable
Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone 1130 953 individuals 85 near favourable
Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper 535 186 individuals 35 very unfavourable
Calidris pugnax Ruff 38 3 individuals 8 very unfavourable
Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern 245 1441 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Sternula albifrons Little Tern 49 51 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  Unknown  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Durham Coast Site of Special Scientific Interest 511 protected area overlaps with site 133  
North Northumberland Heritage Coast 13,286 protected area overlaps with site 673  
Northumberland Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty 13,500 protected area overlaps with site 581  
Northumberland Shore Site of Special Scientific Interest 1,888 protected area overlaps with site 790  
Northumbria Coast Birds Directive 1,108 is identical to site 1,093  
Northumbria Coast Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 1,108 protected area overlaps with site 1,032  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland) Mud flats and sand flats; Sand dunes and beaches; Shingle or stony beaches; Standing freshwater; Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters  -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Northumbria Coast. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife