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Location United Kingdom, North,Yorkshire and Humberside
Central coordinates 0o 52.24' West  54o 22.84' North
IBA criteria C6
Area 143,490 ha
Altitude 30 - 394m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description The largest continuous tract of open heather Calluna moorland in England and Wales, with long fingers of moor and heath extending down to farmland or abutting woodland edges. Boggy flushes and valley mires are dominated by Juncus. The area is managed for game interests. The IBA supports a variety of breeding upland species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Merlin Falco columbarius resident  1996  40 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria breeding  2000  141 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  2004  207 males only  good  C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium very unfavourable low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden Plover 615 141 breeding pairs 23 very unfavourable
Caprimulgus europaeus European Nightjar 89 207 males only 100 favourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  Unknown  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
North York Moors National Park 143,600 protected area contains site 143,490  
North York Moors Site of Special Scientific Interest 44,095 protected area contained by site 44,082  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland  -
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  -
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Blanket bogs; Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams  -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 30%
forestry 15%
hunting 30%
military 10%
nature conservation and research 10%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
water management 5%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: North Yorkshire Moors. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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