|Location||Australia, Western Australia|
|Central coordinates||128o 8.79' East 15o 27.61' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||10 - 270m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary The ranges next to the town of Wyndham support one of the largest known populations of the endangered Gouldian Finch, breeding in old-growth eucalypt savannas. The IBA also supports populations of the range-restricted Yellow-rumped Mannikin and seven species restricted to the tropical savanna biome.
Site description The IBA consists of hills next to the town of Wyndham in north-east Western Australia. The IBA boundary currently only includes the nature reserve on the Bastion Hills which is known to support breeding Gouldian Finches, although the reserve's current protection status is unknown. The water-holes around the town of Wyndham itself are not mapped. Further fieldwork is likely to discover additional breeding areas in more distant hills. The general region of the north Kimberley (including along the Ord, Dunham, Keep, Drysdale and Gibb and Durack Rivers and the Ellenbrae, Campbell and Dawn Creeks) probably supports pockets of breeding Gouldian Finches but this is the best-documented site and supports the largest known population. The IBA is dominated by gently sloping ranges with sandstone outcrops, with an exceptionally high density of cavity-bearing eucalyptus trees suitable as Gouldian Finch nest-sites, and seeding native grasses for Gouldian Finch food. The area is characterised by its prevalence of old-growth eucalypt stands providing natural hollows suitable for Gouldian Finch nesting. The close proximity of Wyndham township also provides a consistent supply of drinking water sources. Wyndham has a population of about 800 people. The mean minimum temperature is 17 Celsius in July, mean maximum temperature is 40 Celsuis in November and mean annual rainfall is 780 mm, mostly between November-March.
Key Biodiversity Other birds have not been documented for this IBA.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Northern Rosella Platycercus venustus||resident||2007-2008||uncommon||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-gaped Honeyeater Lichenostomus unicolor||resident||2007-2008||uncommon||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow-tinted Honeyeater Lichenostomus flavescens||resident||2007-2008||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Silver-crowned Friarbird Philemon argenticeps||resident||2007-2008||uncommon||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Bar-breasted Honeyeater Ramsayornis fasciatus||resident||2007-2008||uncommon||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Gouldian Finch Erythrura gouldiae||resident||2007-2008||800-1,000 individuals||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Masked Finch Poephila personata||resident||2007-2008||6-31 individuals||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Long-tailed Finch Poephila acuticauda||resident||2007-2008||208-269 individuals||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow-rumped Munia Lonchura flaviprymna||resident||2007-2008||50-100 individuals||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|2008||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Savanna||Tropical eucalypt woodlands & grasslands||major|
Land ownership West Australian State government with management the responsibility of the Shire of Wyndham.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Unallocated Crown Land.|
Protection status The IBA is identical to the Bastion Hill Reserve no. 33896, the status of which is unknown.
Acknowledgements Sarah Pryke and James Brazill-Boast wrote the nomination. Save the Gouldian Fund has supported various research projects and provided research facilities. The local residents and Shire of Wyndham have also supported research and conservation activities.
References Birchenough, A.C., Douglas, G.W. and Evans, S.E (2002) The status of Estrilid finches in North-western Australia. Australian Bird Watcher 19: 147-160.
O'Malley, C. (2006a) National Recovery Plan for the Gouldian Finch (Erythrura gouldiae). [Online]. WWF-Australia, Sydney and Parks and Wildlife NT, Department of Natural Resources, Environment and the Arts, NT Government, Palmerston. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/pubs/e-gouldiae.pdf.
O'Malley, C. (2006) Appendix to the National Recovery Plan for the Gouldian Finch (Erythrura gouldiae) Background Information. [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/pubs/e-gouldiae-background.pdf.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Wyndham. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/02/2016
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