|Central coordinates||142o 22.86' East 38o 21.55' South|
|Altitude||0 - 20m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary The IBA regularly supports a non-breeding population of the critically endangered Orange-bellied Parrot and a breeding population of the near threatened Hooded Plover.
Site description The IBA is comprised of a 17 km length of beach and associated coastal dune scrub from between Port Fairy and Warrnambool in western Victoria. The IBA extends along the coast from Reef Point to Levy's Beach (approximately 17 km) and inland to include Ruttledge's Cutting, Kelly Swamp and surrounding pasture. The IBA supports two prominent vegetation types: dense coastal dune scrub comprised of medium shrubs (e.g. Coast Wattle, Coast Beard-heath) above a ground cover of grasses, herbs and sedges; and a mosaic of aquatic herbland, coastal saltmarsh and damp saline pasture supporting species such as Beaded Glasswort, Creeping Brookweed, Shiny Swamp-mat, Buck's-horn Plantain and Fathen. The stretches of beach west of Port Fairy from Taylor Bay to Griffith Island (approximately 7 km) and east of Warrnambool from eastern Lady Bay to Gaul's Cave (approximately 5 km), could also be added to the IBA for their relatively high population densities of Hooded Plovers.
Key Biodiversity Small numbers of Pacific Gull occur along this stretch of coast (Dodd & Woodrow 2007; G. Maguire pers. comm. 2007; C. Tzaros pers. comm. 2007). One count of 500 Sanderling (Australasian Wader Studies Group database). Surveys suggest that Striated Fieldwrens are abundant in coastal scrub and saltmarsh habitats (Dodd and Woodrow 2007; Atlas of Australian Birds database). Flame Robins are uncommon non-breeding visitors to the IBA (Atlas of Australian Birds database).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Hooded Plover Thinornis cucullatus||resident||2006-2008||15 breeding pairs||good||A1||Vulnerable|
|Orange-bellied Parrot Neophema chrysogaster||non-breeding||1991-2007||17 individuals||good||A1||Critically Endangered|
|2008||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Invasive and other problematic species and genes||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Port Fairy-Warrnambool||Coastal Reserve||1,500||protected area overlaps with site||150|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Improved grassland & pasture||minor|
|Coastline||Estuarine waters; Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats||minor|
|Wetlands (inland)||Permanent herbaceous swamps & bogs||minor|
Land ownership State or local government; private.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Protection status IBA overlaps with the Port Fairy-Warrnambool Coastal Reserve.
Acknowledgements Chris Tzaros and Glenn Ehmke of the Orange-bellied Parrot Recovery Team and Grainne Maguire of the Hooded Plover project provided data and helped define the boundaries.
References Dodd, P. and Woodrow, R. (2007) Survey 22787: Rutledge's Cutting (Kelly Swamp). http://www.eremaea.com/SiteRegionsSurvey.aspx?Region=17&Survey=22787&Culture=en-AU&Path=8:13 accessed on 11 September 2007.
Moyne Shire Council (2001) 'Moyne Shire Coastal Action Plan'. (Western Coastal Board: Geelong and Moyne Shire Council: Port Fairy.)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Port Fairy to Warrnambool. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/05/2015
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