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Location Cyprus, Paphos District
Central coordinates 32o 21.63' East  34o 58.85' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 20,772 ha
Altitude 0 - 660m
Year of IBA assessment 2012

BirdLife Cyprus



Summary One of the larger, more distinctive and most rich-in-qualifying-species IBAs, ‘Akamas Peninsula and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges’ is the top breeding site on the island for the European Roller (Coracias garrulus), a species of global conservation concern. This IBA is also a Mediterranean Biome Site, with its scrub vegetation hosting high breeding densities of the endemics, Cyprus Warbler (Sylvia melanothorax) and Cyprus Wheatear (Oenanthe cypriaca), Sardinian Warbler (Sylvia melanocephala), Masked Shrike (Lanius nubicus), Cretzschmar’s Bunting (Emberiza caesia) and Black-headed Bunting (Emberiza melanocephala). The coastline of the Akamas peninsula is important for waterbird passage, especially in the autumn, with Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) and Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) the most important species. Demoiselle Cranes (Grus virgo) also occur in passage. Other notable breeders (all in qualifying numbers) are Bonelli’s Eagle (Aquila fasciata), Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), European Nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus), Cyprus Scops Owl (Otus scops cyprius), Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar) and Black Francolin (Francolinus francolinus).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Chukar Alectoris chukar breeding  2005-2011  1,500-2,500 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus breeding  2005-2011  250-1,000 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus passage  2005-2011  300-1,000 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta passage  2005-2011  500-1,000 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Not Recognised 
Falco peregrinus breeding  2005-2011  6-8 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata breeding  2005-2011  1-3 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo passage  2005-2011  100-500 individuals  medium  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Scops-owl Otus scops breeding  2005-2011  300-700 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Little Owl Athene noctua breeding  2005-2011  400-700 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus breeding  2005-2011  150-250 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2005-2011  80-300 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
European Roller Coracias garrulus passage  2005-2011  200-800 individuals  medium  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus breeding  2005-2011  100-200 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B2  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala breeding  2005-2011  5,000-10,000 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Cyprus Warbler Sylvia melanothorax breeding  2005-2011  500-1,000 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B3  Least Concern 
Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca breeding  2005-2011  1,000-1,500 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala breeding  2005-2011  400-900 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B2  Least Concern 
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia breeding  2005-2011  400-1,000 breeding pairs  medium  A3, B3, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed not assessed
unset
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
CHERSONISOS AKAMA CY4000023 Habitats Directive 17,917 protected area overlaps with site 10,008  
ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS CHERSONISOS AKAMA CY4000023 Birds Directive 18,082 protected area overlaps with site 10,176  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  13%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  35%
Grassland   12%
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  minor
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  40%
Rocky areas   1%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 40%
military 20%
nature conservation and research 5%
tourism/recreation 10%
forestry 25%

References Hellicar, M.A., Anastasi, V., Beton, D. & Snape, R. (2014). Important Bird Areas of Cyprus. BirdLife Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife