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Location United Kingdom, Scotland
Central coordinates 2o 11.97' West  56o 55.07' North
IBA criteria A4iii, B1ii, B3, C3, C4
Area 10 ha
Altitude 0 - 30m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description The IBA covers sheer cliffs on the east coast of Grampian region, and associated species-poor cliff-top grassland. The site is important for breeding seabirds and waterbirds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Murre Uria aalge breeding  1999-2001  66,453 individuals  good  B1ii, C3  Least Concern 
Razorbill Alca torda breeding  1999-2001  6,818 individuals  good  B1ii, B3, C3  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1999-2001  49,788 breeding pairs  good  A4iii, C4   
A4iii Species group - waterbirds breeding  1999-2001  24,161 breeding pairs  good  A4iii, C4   

IBA Monitoring

2007 medium very unfavourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Larus argentatus 6250 417 breeding pairs 7 very unfavourable
Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake 61500 23740 breeding pairs 39 very unfavourable
Uria aalge Common Murre 66269 66453 individuals 100 favourable
Alca torda Razorbill 8433 6818 individuals 81 near favourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 67892 24161 breeding pairs 36 very unfavourable
Species group - seabirds A4iii 52900 49788 breeding pairs 95 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Fowlsheugh RSPB Reserve 10 is identical to site 10  
Fowlsheugh Site of Special Scientific Interest 8 is identical to site 8  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   10%
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  90%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Fowlsheugh. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife