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Location United Kingdom, Scotland
Central coordinates 2o 4.71' West  60o 8.03' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C3, C4, C6
Area 1,316 ha
Altitude 0 - 418m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds



Site description An island characterized by steep slopes and a cool oceanic climate. Vegetation types include mire and cliff-top communities, with submaritime and montane communities on higher ground. The site holds very large populations of cliff and moorland nesting seabirds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis breeding  2000  21,106 breeding pairs  good  B1ii, C3  Least Concern 
Leach's Storm-petrel Hydrobates leucorhous breeding  2001  15 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis breeding  2000  2,277 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, B3, C3  Least Concern 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  2000  950 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Great Skua Catharacta skua breeding  2000  2,293 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1ii, B3, C3  Least Concern 
Common Murre Uria aalge breeding  2000  41,435 individuals  good  B1ii, C3  Least Concern 
Razorbill Alca torda breeding  2000  2,121 individuals  good  B3  Least Concern 
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica breeding  2000  22,500 breeding pairs  good  B1ii, B2, C3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  2000-2001  76,012 breeding pairs  good  A4iii, C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Foula Birds Directive 1,323 is identical to site 1,316  
Foula Site of Special Scientific Interest 1,327 protected area contained by site 1,099  
Foula Coast Site of Special Scientific Interest 236 protected area contained by site 236  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs  -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 90%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Foula. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife