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Location United Kingdom, Yorkshire and Humberside
Central coordinates 0o 6.90' West  54o 7.94' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B3, C3, C4
Area 208 ha
Altitude 0 - 135m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

Site description Chalk cliffs that project into the North Sea from the Yorkshire coast. The site is important for its large breeding colonies of seabirds and waterbirds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla breeding  2000  42,692 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Murre Uria aalge breeding  2000  46,685 individuals  good  B1ii, C3  Least Concern 
Razorbill Alca torda breeding  2000  8,539 individuals  good  A4ii, B1ii, B3, C3  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - seabirds breeding  1999-2000  43,522 breeding pairs  good  A4iii, C4   
A4iii Species group - waterbirds breeding  1999-2000  43,445 breeding pairs  good  A4iii, C4   

IBA Monitoring

2007 low unfavourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Rissa tridactyla Black-legged Kittiwake 75000 42692 breeding pairs 57 unfavourable
Uria aalge Common Murre 44776 46685 individuals 100 favourable
Alca torda Razorbill 11194 8539 individuals 77 near favourable
Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin 6000 2615 breeding pairs 44 unfavourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 76010 43445 breeding pairs 58 unfavourable
Species group - seabirds A4iii 46120 43522 breeding pairs 95 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bempton Cliffs RSPB Reserve 27 protected area overlaps with site 12  
Flamborough Head Site of Special Scientific Interest 327 protected area contains site 208  
Flamborough Headland Heritage Coast 3,491 protected area contains site 208  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Sea Open Sea  -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Flamborough Head and Bempton Cliffs. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife