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Location Lebanon, North Lebanon
Central coordinates 36o 12.46' East  34o 26.93' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4iv
Area 5,270 ha
Altitude 665 - 1,890m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Society for the Protection of Nature and Natural Resources in Lebanon



Summary Located at the northern end of Mount Lebanon, this IBA covers a total area of 5270ha, and holds 134 bird species and at least 500 species floral diversity. The site holds at least 28 pairs of Syrian Serin (regional endemic sp.) It is mountainous forest dominated by Turkey Oak, Fir, Cedar of Lebanon and Juniper. The whole site is part of the planned National Park for Lebanon.

Site description Located at the northern extremity of the Mount Lebanon range, The Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh IBA is made up of four adjoining sites: Qammouaa, Fnaideq, Mechmech and Wadi Jouhanam

Key Biodiversity There is a healthy breeding population of Syrian Serins and several other globally-threatened species have been recorded here on migration. Thirteen breeding Biome-restricted Species breed here: Tawny Owl Strix aluco, Masked Shrike, Sombre Tit Poecile lugubris, Upcher’s Warbler,Sardinian Warbler, Western Rock Nuthatch, White-throated Robin, Black-eared Wheatear,Finsch’s Wheatear Oenanthe finschii, Pale Rockfinch, Syrian Serin, Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanquineus and Black-headed Bunting as well as very healthy populations of many commoner species. Although there is apparently little soaring bird migration in the spring, the site is more important in the autumn when large flocks of White Stork, White Pelican, Levant Sparrowhawk and Common Crane have been seen passing over.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sombre Tit Parus lugubris resident  2007  5 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Upcher's Warbler Hippolais languida breeding  2007  5 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer resident  2007  1-6 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis breeding  2007  2 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii breeding  2007  5 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Rock Sparrow Petronia brachydactyla breeding  2005-2008  35-54 individuals  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus breeding  2007  24 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  2007  20,000-49,999 individuals  poor  A4iv   

IBA Monitoring

2008 high not assessed high
  unset
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Temperate  major
Grassland   major
Rocky areas   minor
Artificial - terrestrial Plantations  minor

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife