|Central coordinates||145o 9.26' East 41o 51.64' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||0 - 1,144m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2009|
Summary This IBA regularly supports the critically endangered Orange-bellied Parrot on migration. It also provides non-breeding habitat for the endangered Swift Parrot; supports significant numbers of the vulnerable Fairy Tern, the near threatened Hooded Plover and the congregatory Cape Barren Goose and Pied Oystercatcher; and supports populations of ten restricted-range (endemic) and two biome-restricted species.
Site description This IBA is the 10 km-wide coastal fringe which extends around the western coast of Tasmania from Low Rocky Point to Rocky Cape. The area is defined as the mainland Tasmanian portion of the Orange-bellied Parrot migratory habitat as mapped by the Orange-bellied Parrot Recovery Team and Plan. It includes the entire lowland coastal peninsula north of Low Rocky Point, and the eastern margin of Macquarie Harbour; then extends 180 km north from Ocean Beach at Strahan through private land and the government-owned Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area to Cape Grim, where it takes in private property inland; then extends another 70 km east to Rocky Cape. South of Macquarie Harbour it abuts the Melaleuca to Birch's Inlet IBA; at Cape Grim it abuts the Robbins Passage and Boullanger Bay IBA. The coast comprises rocky headlands, sandy beaches, well-developed sand dune systems, and a coastal plain which contains lagoons, swamps, heathland, buttongrass and eucalypt woodlands and forests. Eucalypt forest dominates the higher altitudes inland but is probably not used by Orange-bellied Parrots. The climate is wet temperate maritime with average annual rainfall ranging from 1000 mm on the coastal plains to over 2000 mm in the highlands.
Key Biodiversity The Endangered Swift Parrot was recorded in 15 of 548 (3%) Atlas of Australian Birds surveys from 1998 to 2008 (Atlas of Australian Birds database). Sooty Oystercatcher may also exceed threshold but data is lacking: Schulz (1993b) recorded 81 individuals from Macquarie Harbour to Bluff Point in April 1991 and Woehler (in litt. 2008) recorded 32 individuals from Interview River to Ordnance Point in November 2006, but both of these figures are considered likely to be significant underestimates because no areas of rocky coast were surveyed. Tawny-crowned Honeyeater is relatively common along heathy coasts. Ground Parrots and Southern Emu-wren occur locally.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Cape Barren Goose Cereopsis novaehollandiae||non-breeding||-||500 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Tasmanian Native-hen Tribonyx mortierii||resident||1998-2008||frequent||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Pied Oystercatcher Haematopus longirostris||resident||1999-2007||125-370 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Hooded Plover Thinornis cucullatus||resident||2006-2007||250-376 individuals||good||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Fairy Tern Sternula nereis||resident||2006-2007||50 breeding pairs||medium||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Green Rosella Platycercus caledonicus||resident||1998-2008||common||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Orange-bellied Parrot Neophema chrysogaster||unknown||2007||frequent||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Yellow-throated Honeyeater Lichenostomus flavicollis||resident||1998-2008||common||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Black-headed Honeyeater Melithreptus affinis||resident||1998-2008||frequent||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Strong-billed Honeyeater Melithreptus validirostris||resident||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Scrubtit Acanthornis magna||resident||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Striated Fieldwren Calamanthus fuliginosus||resident||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Tasmanian Scrubwren Sericornis humilis||resident||1998-2008||common||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Tasmanian Thornbill Acanthiza ewingii||resident||1998-2008||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Black Currawong Strepera fuliginosa||resident||1998-2008||common||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Dusky Robin Melanodryas vittata||resident||1998-2008||frequent||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Flame Robin Petroica phoenicea||breeding||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A1, A3||Near Threatened|
|Pink Robin Petroica rodinogaster||resident||1998-2008||uncommon||-||A3||Least Concern|
|2008||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Arthur-Pieman||Conservation Area||101,936||protected area overlaps with site||37,852|
|Badger River||Forest Reserve||319||protected area contained by site||319|
|Crayfish Creek||Forest Reserve||315||protected area overlaps with site||181|
|Farm Cove||Game Reserve||1,720||protected area overlaps with site||15|
|Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers||National Park||446,479||protected area overlaps with site||11,214|
|Henty||Forest Reserve||106||protected area overlaps with site||52|
|Lees Point||Conservation Area||121||protected area overlaps with site||118|
|Little Peggs Beach||State Reserve||140||protected area contained by site||140|
|Marrawah 1||Conservation Covenant||56||protected area contained by site||56|
|Mount Dundas||Regional Reserve||38,820||protected area overlaps with site||602|
|Mount Heemskirk||Regional Reserve||11,131||protected area overlaps with site||5,340|
|Peggs Beach||Conservation Area||208||protected area contained by site||208|
|Perkins Island||Conservation Area||150||protected area contained by site||150|
|Pieman River||State Reserve||3,533||protected area overlaps with site||870|
|Preminghana||Indigenous Protected Area||525||protected area contained by site||525|
|Rebecca Creek||Forest Reserve||346||protected area overlaps with site||114|
|Rocky Cape||National Park||3,057||protected area overlaps with site||0|
|Southwest||Conservation Area||185,731||protected area overlaps with site||78,953|
|Stanley||Conservation Area||7||protected area overlaps with site||3|
|Sundown Point||State Reserve||132||protected area contained by site||132|
|Tasmanian Wilderness||World Heritage Site||1,407,513||protected area overlaps with site||18,690|
|Tatlows Beach||Conservation Area||57||protected area overlaps with site||27|
|Teepookana||Forest Reserve||625||protected area contained by site||625|
|The Nut||State Reserve||59||protected area contained by site||59|
|Tikkawoppa Plateau||Regional Reserve||4,535||protected area overlaps with site||1,933|
|Warra Creek||Forest Reserve||575||protected area overlaps with site||14|
|West Coast Range||Regional Reserve||18,030||protected area overlaps with site||4,888|
|West Inlet||Conservation Area||68||protected area overlaps with site||5|
|West Point||State Reserve||580||protected area contained by site||580|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Improved grassland & pasture||major|
|Coastline||Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats; Sea cliffs, rocky shores & rocky islets||minor|
|Forest||Eucalypt tall open forests; Rainforest & vine thickets||major|
|Shrubland||Heath; Other shrublands||major|
Land ownership State or local government; private.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Protection status Numerous - see separate section.
Acknowledgements Eric Woehler provided comments and data.
References Harries, D.N. (Ed.) (1992) Forgotten Wilderness: North West Tasmania. Tasmanian Conservation Trust Incorporated: Hobart.
Orange-bellied Parrot Recovery Team (2006) National Recovery Plan for the Orange-bellied Parrot Neophema chrysogaster. Department of Primary Industries and Water: Hobart.
Scultz, M. (1993a) A survey of the Hooded Plover of the north-west Tasmanian coastline, from Macquarie Harbour to Bluff Point. The Stilt 22: 40-43.
Scultz, M. (1993b) A survey of shorebirds of western Tasmania. Part one. Macquarie Harbour to Bluff Point. The Stilt 23: 24-25.
Parks and Wildlife Service (2002) Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area Management Plan 2002 http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/publications/tech/arthurpieman/summary.html accessed April 2007.
Woehler, E. (2007) Inventory of shorebird sites in the Cradle-Coast NRM region, including King Island, 2006/07. Report to Cradle-Coast NRM and DPIW.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: North-west Tasmanian Coast. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2016
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