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Location Australia, Tasmania
Central coordinates 145o 9.26' East  41o 51.64' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 243,827 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,144m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

BirdLife Australia



Summary This IBA regularly supports the critically endangered Orange-bellied Parrot on migration. It also provides non-breeding habitat for the endangered Swift Parrot; supports significant numbers of the vulnerable Fairy Tern, the near threatened Hooded Plover and the congregatory Cape Barren Goose and Pied Oystercatcher; and supports populations of ten restricted-range (endemic) and two biome-restricted species.

Site description This IBA is the 10 km-wide coastal fringe which extends around the western coast of Tasmania from Low Rocky Point to Rocky Cape. The area is defined as the mainland Tasmanian portion of the Orange-bellied Parrot migratory habitat as mapped by the Orange-bellied Parrot Recovery Team and Plan. It includes the entire lowland coastal peninsula north of Low Rocky Point, and the eastern margin of Macquarie Harbour; then extends 180 km north from Ocean Beach at Strahan through private land and the government-owned Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area to Cape Grim, where it takes in private property inland; then extends another 70 km east to Rocky Cape. South of Macquarie Harbour it abuts the Melaleuca to Birch's Inlet IBA; at Cape Grim it abuts the Robbins Passage and Boullanger Bay IBA. The coast comprises rocky headlands, sandy beaches, well-developed sand dune systems, and a coastal plain which contains lagoons, swamps, heathland, buttongrass and eucalypt woodlands and forests. Eucalypt forest dominates the higher altitudes inland but is probably not used by Orange-bellied Parrots. The climate is wet temperate maritime with average annual rainfall ranging from 1000 mm on the coastal plains to over 2000 mm in the highlands.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cape Barren Goose Cereopsis novaehollandiae non-breeding  500 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Tasmanian Native-hen Tribonyx mortierii resident  1998-2008  frequent  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Pied Oystercatcher Haematopus longirostris resident  1999-2007  125-370 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Hooded Plover Thinornis cucullatus resident  2006-2007  250-376 individuals  good  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Fairy Tern Sternula nereis resident  2006-2007  50 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Green Rosella Platycercus caledonicus resident  1998-2008  common  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Orange-bellied Parrot Neophema chrysogaster unknown  2007  frequent  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Yellow-throated Honeyeater Lichenostomus flavicollis resident  1998-2008  common  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Honeyeater Melithreptus affinis resident  1998-2008  frequent  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Strong-billed Honeyeater Melithreptus validirostris resident  1998-2008  uncommon  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Scrubtit Acanthornis magna resident  1998-2008  uncommon  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Striated Fieldwren Calamanthus fuliginosus resident  1998-2008  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Tasmanian Scrubwren Sericornis humilis resident  1998-2008  common  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Tasmanian Thornbill Acanthiza ewingii resident  1998-2008  common  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black Currawong Strepera fuliginosa resident  1998-2008  common  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Robin Melanodryas vittata resident  1998-2008  frequent  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Flame Robin Petroica phoenicea breeding  1998-2008  uncommon  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Pink Robin Petroica rodinogaster resident  1998-2008  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area 101,936 protected area overlaps with site 37,852  
Badger River Forest Reserve 319 protected area contained by site 319  
Crayfish Creek Forest Reserve 315 protected area overlaps with site 181  
Farm Cove Game Reserve 1,720 protected area overlaps with site 15  
Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park 446,479 protected area overlaps with site 11,214  
Henty Forest Reserve 106 protected area overlaps with site 52  
Kings Run Nature Reserve 200 protected area contained by site 200  
Lees Point Conservation Area 121 protected area overlaps with site 118  
Little Peggs Beach State Reserve 140 protected area contained by site 140  
Marrawah 1 Conservation Covenant 56 protected area contained by site 56  
Marrawah 2 Conservation Covenant 4 protected area contained by site 4  
Mount Dundas Regional Reserve 38,820 protected area overlaps with site 602  
Mount Heemskirk Regional Reserve 11,131 protected area overlaps with site 5,340  
Peggs Beach Conservation Area 208 protected area contained by site 208  
Perkins Island Conservation Area 150 protected area contained by site 150  
Pieman River State Reserve 3,533 protected area overlaps with site 870  
Preminghana Indigenous Protected Area 525 protected area contained by site 525  
Rebecca Creek Forest Reserve 346 protected area overlaps with site 114  
Rocky Cape National Park 3,057 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Southwest Conservation Area 185,731 protected area overlaps with site 78,953  
Stanley Conservation Area 7 protected area overlaps with site 3  
Sundown Point State Reserve 132 protected area contained by site 132  
Tatlows Beach Conservation Area 57 protected area overlaps with site 27  
Teepookana Forest Reserve 625 protected area contained by site 625  
Temma Conservation Covenant 43 protected area contained by site 43  
The Nut State Reserve 59 protected area contained by site 59  
Tikkawoppa Plateau Regional Reserve 4,535 protected area overlaps with site 1,933  
Warra Creek Forest Reserve 575 protected area overlaps with site 14  
West Coast Range Regional Reserve 18,030 protected area overlaps with site 4,888  
West Inlet Conservation Area 68 protected area overlaps with site 5  
West Point State Reserve 580 protected area contained by site 580  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Improved grassland & pasture  major
Coastline Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats; Sea cliffs, rocky shores & rocky islets  minor
Forest Eucalypt tall open forests; Rainforest & vine thickets  major
Grassland Tussock grasslands  major
Shrubland Heath; Other shrublands  major

Land ownership State or local government; private.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry minor
nature conservation and research major
rangeland/pastureland major
tourism/recreation major

Protection status Numerous - see separate section.

Acknowledgements Eric Woehler provided comments and data.

References Harries, D.N. (Ed.) (1992) Forgotten Wilderness: North West Tasmania. Tasmanian Conservation Trust Incorporated: Hobart.

Orange-bellied Parrot Recovery Team (2006) National Recovery Plan for the Orange-bellied Parrot Neophema chrysogaster. Department of Primary Industries and Water: Hobart.

Scultz, M. (1993a) A survey of the Hooded Plover of the north-west Tasmanian coastline, from Macquarie Harbour to Bluff Point. The Stilt 22: 40-43.

Scultz, M. (1993b) A survey of shorebirds of western Tasmania. Part one. Macquarie Harbour to Bluff Point. The Stilt 23: 24-25.

Parks and Wildlife Service (2002) Arthur-Pieman Conservation Area Management Plan 2002 http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/publications/tech/arthurpieman/summary.html accessed April 2007.

Woehler, E. (2007) Inventory of shorebird sites in the Cradle-Coast NRM region, including King Island, 2006/07. Report to Cradle-Coast NRM and DPIW.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: North-west Tasmanian Coast. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/09/2014

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